High Temperature Thermal-Elastic Analysis of Dissimilar Metal Transition Joints

[+] Author and Article Information
A. W. Dalcher, T. M. Yang, C. L. Chu

Structural Analysis Unit, Fast Breeder Reactor Department, General Electric Co., Sunnyvale, Calif.

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 99(1), 65-69 (Jan 01, 1977) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3443408 History: Received May 20, 1975; Revised April 16, 1976; Online August 17, 2010


Thermal-elastic analyses of dissimilar metal transition weld joints of a 24″ sodium piping system were performed. This piping system is for Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor application, operating at elevated temperature (965°F). These analyses form a basis for the selection of the material combination and weld preparation of the transition joints. Two material combinations were selected for weld joint thermal-elastic analysis: 2 1/4 Cr - 1 Mo ferritic steel to 316 stainless steel, and 2 1/4 Cr - 1 Mo steel to Incoloy 800, with Inconel 82 as the welding metal in both cases. Weld preparations with various geometries were assumed for each material combination. The transition joints were evaluated for thermal loadings due to the changes in sodium temperatures during anticipated operating conditions of the breeder reactor. Thermal analyses were performed to define the temperature time history in the metals; the temperature gradient across the wall thickness; and especially, the temperature distribution near the material interfaces. The magnitude of the temperature gradients and the temperature distribution as affected by the heat transfer characteristics of each material were of particular interest. Stresses created due to the differences of thermal expansion of the materials, radial and axial temperature gradients, and applied internal pressure were evaluated using finite element analysis methods. In this investigation, the materials were treated as elastic and isotropic. The contributions from the applied pressure and thermal loading were separated from the total stresses and the most important contributor was identified. The elastic analyses served for a preliminary evaluation of the transition joint selection. Based on the information obtained in stress versus material combination and the stress variation as a function of the geometry of the weld preparation, a weld design (material combination and geometry) was selected.

Copyright © 1977 by ASME
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