Modeling Damage Evolution in a Hybrid Ceramic Matrix Composite Under Static Tensile Load

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Bonora, G. Newaz

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 119(4), 401-407 (Oct 01, 1997) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2812276 History: Received August 27, 1995; Revised August 21, 1996; Online November 27, 2007


In this investigation, damage evolution in a unidirectional hybrid ceramic composite made from Nicalon and SiC fibers in a Lithium Aluminosilicate (LAS) glass matrix was studied. The static stress-strain response of the composite exhibited a linear response followed by load drop in a progressive manner. Careful experiments were conducted stopping the tests at various strain levels and using replication technique, scanning and optical microscopy to monitor the evolution of damage in these composites. It was observed that the constituents of the composite failed in a sequential manner at increasing strain levels. The matrix cracks were followed by SiC fiber failures near ultimate tensile stress. After that, the load drop was associated with progressive failure of the Nicalon fibers. Identification of these failure modes were critical to the development of a concentric cylinder model representing all three constituent phases to predict the constitutive response of the CMC computationally. The strain-to-failure of the matrix and fibers were used to progressively fail the constituents in the model and the overall experimental constitutive response of the CMC was recovered. A strain based analytical representation was developed relating stiffness loss to applied strain. Based on this formulation, damage evolution and its consequence on tensile stress-strain response was predicted for room temperature behavior of hybrid CMCs. The contribution of the current work is that the proposed strain-damage phenomenological model can capture the damage evolution and the corresponding material response for continuous fiber-reinforced CMCs. The modeling approach shows much promise for the complex damage processes observed in hybrid CMCs.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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