The Influence of Aging on Critical Transformation Stress Levels and Martensite Start Temperatures in NiTi: Part II—Discussion of Experimental Results

[+] Author and Article Information
Ken Gall, Huseyin Sehitoglu

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801

Yuriy I. Chumlyakov, Irina V. Kireeva

Physics of Plasticity and Strength of Materials Laboratory, Siberian Physical and Technical Institute, 634050 Tomsk, Russia

Hans J. Maier

Institut F. Werkstofftechnik, Universität-GH-Siegen, D-57068, Siegen, Germany

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 121(1), 28-37 (Jan 01, 1999) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2815995 History: Received February 01, 1998; Revised June 15, 1998; Online November 27, 2007


An experimental study was performed to determine the effect of aging on martensitic transformations in NiTi, Polycrystalline and single crystal NiTi ([100], [110], and [111] orientations) were both considered, Stress-induced transformations in polycrystalline NiTi were found to closely resemble transformations in single crystals of the [110] and [111] orientations. Solutionized and over-aged single crystals exhibited a strong orientation dependence of the critical stress required to trigger the transformation, σcr The Schmid law was able to accurately predict the orientation dependence of σcr in the solutionized and over-aged single crystals. Peak-aged single crystals demonstrated a much weaker orientation dependence of σcr and in general, the Schmid law was not obeyed. By considering the local stress fields outside of the semi-coherent precipitates, the decrease in the orientation dependence of σcr was accounted for. The martensite start temperatures, Ms , in aged single crystal and polycrystalline NiTi were much higher than in solutionized samples In peak-aged NiTi the increase was primarily attribited to the local stress fields outside the coherent precipitates which create preferential nucleation sites for the martensite. In the over-aged NiTi the increase in Ms was primarily attributed to the decrease in the average Ni concentration of the matrix surrounding the coarsened precipitates.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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