Constitutive Modeling of Inelastic Solids for Plastic Flow Processes Under Cyclic Dynamic Loadings

[+] Author and Article Information
W. Dornowski

Military University of Technology, Kaliskiego 2, 01-489 Warsaw, Poland

P. Perzyna

Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Świȩtokrzyska 21, 00-049 Warsaw, Poland

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 121(2), 210-220 (Apr 01, 1999) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2812368 History: Received July 21, 1998; Revised November 17, 1998; Online November 27, 2007


The main objective of the paper is the description of the behavior and fatigue damage of inelastic solids in plastic flow processes under dynamic cyclic loadings. Experimental motivations and physical foundations are given. Recent experimental observations for cycle fatigue damage mechanics at high temperature of metals suggest that the intrinsic microdamage process does very much depend on the strain rate effects as well as on the wave shape effects. The microdamage process has been treated as a sequence of nucleation, growth and coalescence of microcracks. The microdamage kinetics interacts with thermal and load changes to make failure of solids a highly rate, temperature and history dependent, nonlinear process. A general constitutive model of elasto-viscoplastic damaged polycrystalline solids is developed within the thermodynamic framework of the rate type covariance structure with finite set of the internal state variables. A set of the internal state variables is assumed and interpreted such that the theory developed takes account of the effects as follows: (i) plastic non-normality; (ii) plastic strain induced anisotropy (kinematic hardening); (iii) softening generated by microdamage mechanisms; (iv) thermomechanical coupling (thermal plastic softening and thermal expansion); (v) rate sensitivity. To describe suitably the time and temperature dependent effects observed experimentally and the accumulation of the plastic deformation and damage during dynamic cyclic loading process the kinetics of microdamage and the kinematic hardening law have been modified. The relaxation time is used as a regularization parameter. By assuming that the relaxation time tends to zero, the rate independent elastic-plastic response can be obtained. The viscoplastic regularization procedure assures the stable integration algorithm by using the finite difference method. Particular attention is focused on the well-posedness of the evolution problem (the initial-boundary value problem) as well as on its numerical solutions. The Lax-Richtmyer equivalence theorem is formulated and conditions under which this theory is valid are examined. Utilizing the finite difference method for regularized elasto-viscoplastic model, the numerical investigation of the three-dimensional dynamic adiabatic deformation in a particular body under cyclic loading condition is presented. Particular examples have been considered, namely, a dynamic, adiabatic and isothermal, cyclic loading processes for a thin steel plate with small rectangular hole located in the centre. Small two regions which undergo significant deformations and temperature rise have been determined. Their evolution until occurrence of final fracture has been simulated. The accumulation of damage and equivalent plastic deformation on each considered cycle has been obtained. It has been found that this accumulation distinctly depends on the wave shape of the assumed loading cycle.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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