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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Numerical Analysis of Welding Residual Stress and Its Verification Using Neutron Diffraction Measurement

[+] Author and Article Information
Masahito Mochizuki

Department of Manufacturing Science, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan (Formerly, Hitachi, Ltd.)e-mail: mmochi@mapse.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp

Makoto Hayashi

Toshio Hattori

Mechanical Engineering Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Tsuchiura, Ibaraki 300-0013, Japan

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 122(1), 98-103 (May 11, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.482772 History: Received October 07, 1998; Revised May 11, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Almen, J. O., and Black, P. H., 1963, Residual Stresses and Fatigue in Metals, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Todoroki,  A., and Kobayashi,  H., 1988, “Prediction of Fatigue Crack Growth Rate in Residual Stress Field (Application of Superposition Technique),” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. A, 54A, No 497, pp. 30–37.
Mochizuki, M., Saito, N., Enomoto, K., Sakata, S., and Saito, H., 1995, “A Study on Residual Stress of Butt-Welded Plate Joint Using Inherent Strain Analysis,” Transactions of the 13th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology, Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2 , Div. F, pp. 243–248.
Mochizuki,  M., Hayashi,  M., Nakagawa,  M., Tada,  N., and Shimizu,  S., 1997, “A Simplified Analysis of Residual Stress at Welded Joints Between Plate and Penetrating Pipe,” JSME Int. J. (Series A), 40, No. 1, pp. 8–14.
Mochizuki,  M., Enomoto,  K., Okamoto,  N., Saito,  H., and Hayashi,  E., 1993, “Welding Residual Stresses at the Intersection of a Small Diameter Pipe Penetrating a Thick Plate,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 144, No. 3, pp. 439–447.
Mochizuki,  M., Hayashi,  M., and Hattori,  T., 1996, “Effect of Welding Sequence Residual Stress in Multi-Pass Butt-Welded Pipe Joints,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. A, (in Japanese) 62A, No. 604, pp. 2719–2725.
McEwen, S. R., Holden, T. M., Hobson, R. R., and Cracknell, G., 1983, “Residual Strains in Rolled Joints,” Transactions of the 9th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology, Chicago, Div. G, pp. 183–188.
Allen,  A. J., Hutchings,  M. T., Windsor,  C. G., and Andreani,  C., 1985, “Neutron Diffraction Methods for the Study of Residual Stress Fields,” Adv. Phys., 34, pp. 445–473.
Hutchings,  M. T., 1990, “Neutron Diffraction Measurement of Residual Stress Fields. The Answer to the Engineers Prayer,” J. Nondestruct. Eval., 5, pp. 395–403.
Wikander,  L., Karisson,  L., Nasstrom,  M., and Webster,  P., 1994, “Finite Element Simulation and Measurement of Welding Residual Stresses,” Model. Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2, pp. 845–864.
Hayashi, M., and Ishiwata, M., 1995, “Residual Stress Measurement of Butt Welded Carbon Steel Pipe by Neutron Diffraction,” Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on NDE in the Nuclear and Pressure Vessel Industries, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 22–25.
Ueda,  Y., and Fukuda,  K., 1989, “New Measuring Method of Three-Dimensional Residual Stresses in Long Welded Joints Using Inherent Strain as Parameters—Lz Method,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 111, pp. 1–8.
Hayashi,  M., Ishiwata,  M., Minakawa,  N., Funahashi,  S., and Root,  J. H., 1995, “Diffraction Plane Dependence of Elastic Constants in Ferritic Steel in Neutron Diffraction Stress Measurement,” J. Soc. Mater. Sci. Jpn., (in Japanese) 44, pp. 1115–1120.
The Society of Materials Science, Japan, Edited, 1981, Standard for X-ray Stress Measurement, Yokendo Ltd. (in Japanese).
Lu, J., Edited, 1996, Handbook of Measurement of Residual Stresses, Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc., Fairmont Press, Inc., Lilburm.
Hayashi,  M., Ishiwata,  M., Minakawa,  N., Funahashi,  S., and Root,  J. H., 1995, “Residual Stress Measurement of Socket Welded Joint by Neutron Diffraction,” J. Soc. Mater. Sci. Jpn., (in Japanese) 44, pp. 1464–1469.
Park, W., Kobayashi, H., Nakamura, H., and Koide, T., 1994, “Measurement and Evaluation of Welding Residual Stresses for Austenitic Stainless Steel by X-ray Diffraction Method,” Proceedings of the 1994 Annual Meeting of JSME/MMD (in Japanese), B. No. 940-37, pp. 70–71.

Figures

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Configuration of a carbon-steel pipe butt-welded joint
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Sequences of measuring released strains for calculating inherent strains in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Scattering geometries for measurement of three-components of lattice strain in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Comparison of axial residual stress across the weld metal center in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Comparison of axial residual stress across the heat-affected zone in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Comparison of circumferential residual stress across the weld metal center in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Comparison of circumferential residual stress across the heat-affected zone in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Comparison of axial residual stress on the outer surface in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Comparison of axial residual stress on the inner surface in a pipe butt-welded joint
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Configuration of a small-diameter pipe socket-welded joint
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Measuring points of residual stress in a pipe socket-welded joint by neutron diffraction
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Comparison of axial residual stress in the deposit in a pipe socket-welded joint
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Comparison of circumferential residual stress in the deposit in a pipe socket-welded joint

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