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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Improvement of Vibration Damping Capacity and Fracture Toughness in Composite Laminates by the Use of Polymeric Interleaves

[+] Author and Article Information
Ronald F. Gibson, Yu Chen

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Advanced Composites Research Laboratory, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202

Hui Zhao

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 123(3), 309-314 (Jan 18, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1370385 History: Received February 01, 2000; Revised January 18, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Gibson, R. F., 1994, Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Gibson,  R. F., 1992, “Damping Characteristics of Composite Materials and Structures,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 1, pp. 11–20.
Kim,  J. K., and Mai,  Y. W., 1991, “High Strength, High Fracture Fiber Composites with Interface Control—A Review,” Compos. Sci. Technol., 41, pp. 333–378.
Hunston, D. L., Moulton, R. J., Johnston, N. J., and Bascom, W., 1987, “Matrix Resin Effects in Composite Delamination: Mode I Fracture Aspects,” N. J. Johnston, ed., Toughened Composites, ASTM STP 937, pp. 74–94.
Schwartz, H. S., and Hartness, T., 1987, “Effect of Fiber Coatings on Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Composites,” N. J. Johnston, ed., Toughened Composites, ASTM STP 937, pp. 150–178.
Browning, C. E., and Schwartz, H. S., 1987, “Delamination Resistant Composite Concepts,” J. M. Whitney, ed., Composite Materials: Testing and Design (Tenth Volume), ASTM STP 893, pp. 256–265.
Ishai,  O., Rosenthal,  H., Sela,  N., and Drukker,  E., 1988, “Effect of Selective Adhesive Interleaving on Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Graphite/epoxy Composite Laminates,” Composites, 19, No. 1, pp. 49–54.
Finegan,  I. C., and Gibson,  R. F., 1998, “Improvement of Damping at the Micromechanical Level in Polymer Composite Materials under Transverse Normal Loading by the use of Special Fiber Coatings,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., 120, pp. 623–627.
Gibson, R. F., and Mantena, P. R., 1990, “Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Polyethylene/Graphite Composites,” Proc. 22nd International SAMPE Technical Conference, pp. 370–382.
Liao,  F. S., Su,  A. C., and Hsu,  T. C., 1994, “Vibration Damping of Interleaved Carbon Fiber-epoxy Composite Beams,” J. Compos. Mater., 28, No. 18, pp. 1840–1854.
Gent,  A. N., and Kinloch,  A. J., 1971, “Adhesion of Viscoelastic Materials to Rigid Substrates. III. Energy Criterion for Failure,” J. Polym. Sci., Part A-2, 9, pp. 659–668.
Andrews,  E. H., 1974, “A Generalized Theory of Fracture Mechanics,” J. Mater. Sci., 9, pp. 887–894.
Irwin, G. R., 1958, “Fracture,” Handbuch der Physik, Vol. 6, pp. 551–590, S. Flugge, ed., Springer, Berlin, Germany.
Russell, A. J., and Street, K. N., 1985, “Moisture and Temperature Effect on the Mixed Mode Delamination Fracture of Unidirectional Graphite/epoxy,” W. S. Johnson, ed., Delamination and Debonding of Materials, ASTM STP 876, pp. 349–370.
Suarez,  S. A., and Gibson,  R. F., 1987, “Improved Impulse-Frequency Response Techniques for Measurement of Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials,” J. Test. Eval., 5, No. 2, pp. 114–121.
Zhao, H., and Gibson, R. F., 1995, “Stress Relaxation and Clamping Stress in Vibration Damping Measurements of Cantilever Beams of E-glass/epoxy composites,” Proc. Society for Experimental Mechanics Spring Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Grand Rapids, MI, pp. 735–738.
Ungar,  E. E., and Kerwin,  E. M., 1962, “Loss Factors of viscoelastic Systems in Terms of Strain Energy,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 34, No. 2, pp. 954–958.
Hwang,  S. J., and Gibson,  R. F., 1992, “The Use of Strain Energy-Based Finite Element Techniques in the Analysis of Various Aspects of Damping in Composite Materials and Structures,” J. Compos. Mater., 26, No. 17, pp. 2585–2605.
Chai,  H., 1992, “Micromechanics of Shear Deformation in Cracked Bonded Joints,” Int. J. Fract., 58, pp. 223–239.
Goland,  M., and Reissner,  E., 1944, “The Stress in Cemented Joints,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 7, pp. A-17–A-27.
Zhao, H., 1997, “The Use of Nondestructive Damping Measurements to Characterize Interlaminar Fracture Toughness in Polymer Composite Materials,” Ph.D. dissertation, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.
Hunston, D. L., 1994, “Characterizing the Fracture Behavior of Structural Adhesive Bond,” Proc. 10th Annual ASM/ESD Advanced Composites Conference, Dearborn, MI, pp. 463–472.

Figures

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End notched flexure (ENF) test for measurement of Mode II interlaminar fracture toughness
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Cantilever beam apparatus for impulse-frequency response test
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Schematic illustration of specimen frequency response curve in Impulse-frequency response test
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Variation of laminate damping loss factor with Interleaf thickness for three laminates
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Variation of Mode II interlaminar fracture toughness with Interleaf thickness for three laminates
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Hunston’s model for interlaminar crack tip deformation zone constraint for various adhesive layer thicknesses (adapted from Hunston 22)
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Comparison of predicted and measured damping loss factors as a function of interleaf thickness for T300/934 graphite/epoxy laminate with FM300K film epoxy interleaf
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Comparison of predicted and measured Mode II interlaminar fracture toughness as a function of interleaf thickness for T300/934 graphite/epoxy laminate with FM300K film epoxy interleaf

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