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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Failure Analysis of Tubular Hydroforming

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. C. Xia

Ford Research Laboratory, Dearborn, MI 48121

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 123(4), 423-429 (Jul 24, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1394966 History: Received July 24, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Lenze, F., Gruszka, T., Hoffmann, D., and Nebert, D., 1997, “Application of Hydroforming for Body-in-White,” SAE Technical Paper No. 1997-20-0093, International Body Engineering Conference & Exposition, Stuttgart, Germany.
Morphy, G., 1997, “Hydroforming High Strength Steel Tube for Automotive Structural Applications Using Expansion,” SAE Technical Paper No. 970373.
Morphy,  G., 1998, “Tube Hydroforming Analysis,” Automot. Eng., 106, pp. 91–94.
Dohmann, F., and Hartl, C., “Hydroforming—a method to manufacture lightweight parts,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 60 , pp. 669–676.
Hyun, B. S., and Cho, H. S., 1994, “Prediction of Forming Pressure Curve for Hydroforming Processes Using Artificial Neural Network,” Proceedings—Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part 1: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering, 208 , pp. 109–121.
Ni., C.-M., 1994, “Stamping and Hydroforming Process Simulations with a 3D Finite Element Code,” SAE Technical Paper No. 940753.
Wu, L., and Yu, Y., 1996, “Computer Simulations of Forming Automotive Structural Parts by Hydroforming Process,” Proceedings of Numisheet’ 96 , pp. 324–329.
Srinivasan, T. M., Shaw, J. R., and Thompson, K., 1998, “Tubular Hydro-forming: Correlation of Experimental and Simulation Results,” SAE Technical Paper No. 980448.
Liu, S. D., Meuleman, D., and Thompson, K., 1998, “Analytical and Experimental Examination of Tubular Hydroforming Limits,” SAE Technical Paper No. 980449.
Qian, Y., Cattran, D., and Karima, M., 1998, “Towards Further Understanding of the Mechanics of Tube Hydroforming,” SAE Technical Paper No. 982276.
Siehert, K. (Eds.), 1999, “Hydroforming of Tubes, Extrusions and Sheet Metals,” Papers of the International Conference on Hydroforming, Fellbach/Stuttgart, Germany, Oct. 12–13.
Timoshenko, S., 1936, Theory of Elastic Stability, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

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A Selected list of hydroformed parts in a vehicle
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Typical failure modes in tubular hydroforming
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A tube under internal pressure and axial compression
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Deformation for a DQSK steel tube
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A tube strip under bending and axial compression
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(a) Failure diagram for three materials; (b) corresponding tube radii for the three different materials; (c) wrinkling wavelength for three different materials
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(a) R-value influence on bursting pressure; (b) wrinkling diagram for different R values
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Bursting pressure for different loading paths

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