0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Finite Element Evaluation of the Remaining Mechanical Strength of Deteriorated Cast Iron Pipes

[+] Author and Article Information
Michael V. Seica, Jeffrey A. Packer

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, 35 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A4, Canada

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 126(1), 95-102 (Jan 22, 2004) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1631027 History: Received November 06, 2002; Revised March 12, 2003; Online January 22, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Baker, H., 1997, “NRC Working on Trenchless Diagnostic Tools,” Facts, Center for Advancement of Trenchless Technologies, CATT, Waterloo, Ontario, 2 (4), pp. 1–2.
Dennis, T., 1998, “The City of Toronto Experience,” presentation at Rehabilitation Workshop, Center for Advancement of Trenchless Technologies, University of Waterloo, March, Waterloo, Ontario.
W&WS, 2000, “Water[[ellipsis]] Toronto Treats It with Care,” Water and Wastewater Services Division 1999/2000 Review, City of Toronto Works and Emergency Services, Toronto, Ontario.
O’Day,  D. K., Fox,  C. M., and Huguet,  G. M., 1980, “Aging Urban Water Systems: A Computerized Case Study,” Public Works, 111(8), pp. 61–64, 111.
Shawki,  G. S. A., and Naga,  S. A. R., 1986, “On the Mechanics of Gray Cast Iron Under Pure Bending,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 108(2), pp. 141–146.
Shawki,  G. S. A., and Naga,  S. A. R., 1987, “On the Mechanics of Fracture in Gray Cast Iron,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 109(5), pp. 288–292.
Seica,  M. V., Packer,  J. A., Grabinsky,  M. W. F., and Adams,  B. J., 2002, “Evaluation of the Properties of Toronto Iron Water Mains and Surrounding Soil,” Can. J. Civ. Eng., 29(2), pp. 222–237.
Rajani, B., Makar, J. M., McDonald, S. E., Zhan, C., Kuraoka, S., Jen, C. K., and Viens, M., 2000, “Investigation of Gray Cast Iron Water Mains to Develop a Methodology for Estimating Service Life,” American Water Works Association Research Foundation Report, Denver, CO.
Rajani,  B., and Makar,  J. M., 2000, “A Methodology to Estimate Remaining Service Life of Gray Cast Iron Water Mains,” Can. J. Civ. Eng., 27(6), pp. 1259–1272.
Makar, J. M., and Desnoyers, R., 2001, “Three Dimensional Mapping of Corrosion Pits in Cast Iron Pipe Using the Remote Field Effect,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Underground Infrastructure Research, June, Kitchener, Ontario, pp. 95–104.
ASME B31G-91, 1991, “Manual for Determining the Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines—A Supplement to ASME B31 Code for Pressure Piping,” American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY.
ES&E, 1997, “Repair or Replace? IRC Studies Corroded Water Mains,” Environmental Science & Engineering, 9 (6), pp. 38–39.
Stephens, D. M., 1994, “Research Seeks More Precise Corrosion Defect Assessment. Part 2,” Pipe Line Industry, 68 (8), pp. 52–55.
Hauch, S., and Bai, Y., 1999, “Bending Moment Capacity of Pipes,” Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering (OMAE ’99), July, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, pp. 311–321.
Hebor, M. F., and Ricles, J. M., 1994, “Residual Strength and Repair of Corroded Marine Tubulars,” National Center for Engineering Research on Advanced Technology for Large Structural Systems, Report No. 94-10, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA.
Wang, G., Taylor, D., Bouquin, B., Devlukia, J., and Ciepalowicz, A., 2000, “Prediction of Fatigue Failure in a Camshaft Using the Crack Modeling Method,” Engineering Failure Analysis, 7 (3), pp. 189–197.
Hofstetter,  G., Lehar,  H., and Niederwanger,  G., 1999, “Design of Pile-Supported Buried Pipelines by a Synthesis of FE Ultimate Load Analyses and Experimental Investigations,” Finite Elem. Anal. Design, 32(2), pp. 97–111.
ASA/AWWA A21.6/C106-62, 1962, “American Standard for Cast-Iron Pipe, Centrifugally Cast in Metal Molds, for Water or Other Liquids,” American Water Works Association, New York, NY.
ASA/AWWA A21.8/C108-62, 1962, “American Standard for Cast-Iron Pipe, Centrifugally Cast in Sand-Lined Molds, for Water or Other Liquids,” American Water Works Association, New York, NY.
Seica,  V. M., and Packer,  J. A., 2003, “Mechanical Properties and Strength of Aged Cast Iron Water Pipes,” J. Mater. Civ. Eng., in press.
ANSYS, 1998, Version 5.5, SAS IP, Inc., Canonsburg, PA.
Ricles, J. M., Bruin, W. M., Sooi, T. K., Hebor, M. F., and Schönwetter, P. C., 1995, “Residual Strength Assessment and Repair of Damaged Offshore Tubulars,” Proceedings of the 27th Annual Offshore Technology Conference (OTC), OTC 7807, May, Houston, TX.
Dinno, D. K., 1996, “The Effect of Corrosion on the Stability of Plate Girders Using Finite Elements,” M.A.Sc. thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.
Cook, R. D., 1995, Finite Element Modeling for Stress Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
ANSYS, 1998, “ANSYS Theory Reference Manual,” 9th ed., Version 5.5, SAS IP, Inc., Canonsburg, PA.
Seica, V. M., 2002, “Investigation of the Structural Performance of Cast Iron Water Pipes,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Longitudinally-cracked (84), circumferentially-cracked (72), and temporarily-repaired, clamped (71) pipes
Grahic Jump Location
Ring bearing test loading arrangement
Grahic Jump Location
Typical four-point pipe bending load configuration
Grahic Jump Location
Typical ring bearing finite element model setup
Grahic Jump Location
Typical pipe bending finite element model Setup
Grahic Jump Location
Typical ring bearing model information
Grahic Jump Location
Typical pipe bending model information
Grahic Jump Location
Typical load-displacement curves for a 152-mm (6 in) diameter ring in bearing—corrosion-pitted
Grahic Jump Location
Loss of strength from the initial, uncorroded state compared to loss of material, for rings in bearing, at collapse
Grahic Jump Location
Deactivated elements in a pipe bending model, at failure
Grahic Jump Location
Typical load-displacement curves for a 152-mm (6 in) diameter pipe in bending—corrosion-pitted
Grahic Jump Location
Loss of strength from the initial, uncorroded state compared to loss of material, for pipes in bending, at failure

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In