0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

A Study of Inhomogeneous Plastic Deformation of 1045 Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
Jixi Zhang, Yanyao Jiang

Department of Mechanical Engineering (312), University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 126(2), 164-171 (Mar 18, 2004) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1647125 History: Received December 02, 2002; Revised November 05, 2003; Online March 18, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Hall, E. O., 1970, Yield Point Phenomena in Metals and Alloys, Plenum Press, New York.
Fatemi, A., and Stephens, R. I., 1989, “Cyclic Deformation of 1045 Steel Under In-Phase and 90° Out-of-Phase Axial-Torsional Loading Conditions,” in Multiaxial Fatigue, Analysis and Experiments, AE-14, G. E. Leese and D. Socie, eds., SAE International, pp. 139–147, Chap. 10.
Jiang,  Y., 2001, “An Experimental Study of Inhomogeneous Cyclic Plastic Deformation,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 123, pp. 274–280.
Pilo,  D., Reik,  W., Mayr,  P., and Macherauch,  E., 1977, “Inhomogeneous Deformation Processes in the Incipient Crack-Free Fatigue Stage of Unalloyed Steels,” Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 48, pp. 575–578.
Pilo,  D., Reik,  W., Mayr,  P., and Macherauch,  E., 1978, “On the Influence of Mean Stress on the Fatigue Behavior of Unalloyed Steels,” Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 49, pp. 31–36.
Pilo,  D., Reik,  W., Mayr,  P., and Macherauch,  E., 1979, “Cyclic Induced Creep of a Plain Carbon Steel at Room Temperature,” Fatigue Eng. Mater. Struct., 1, pp. 287–295.
Pilo,  D., Reik,  W., Mayr,  P., and Macherauch,  E., 1979, “Macroscopic Changes of Length as a Consequence of Changes of Mean Stress During Cyclic Tension-Compression Tests on CK45,” Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 50, pp. 439–442.
Pilo,  D., Reik,  W., Mayr,  P., and Macherauch,  E., 1980, “Macroscopic Changes of Length Under Cyclic Load for Steel CK45 in Normalized and in Strained Condition,” Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 51, pp. 155–157.
Pohl,  K., Mayr,  P., and Macherauch,  E., 1981, “Cyclic Deformation Behavior of a Low Carbon Steel in the Temperature Range Between Room Temperature and 850 K,” Int. J. Fract., 17, pp. 221–233.
Klesnil, M., and Lukáš, P., 1992, Fatigue of Metallic Materials, Elsevier, Amsterdam-Oxford-New York-Tokyo.
Klesnil,  M., and Lukáš,  P., 1967, “Fatigue Softening and Hardening of Annealed Low-Carbon Steel,” J. Iron Steel Inst., London, 205, pp. 746–749.
Klesnil,  M., Holzmann,  M., Lukáš,  P., and Ryš,  P., 1965, “Some Aspects of Fatigue Process in Low-Carbon Steel,” J. Iron Steel Inst., London, 203, pp. 47–53.
Abel,  A., and Muir,  H., 1975, “Fatigue Softening on Low-Carbon Steel,” Philos. Mag., 32, pp. 553–563.
Abel,  A., and Muir,  H., 1973, “The Nature of Microyielding,” Acta Metall., 21, pp. 99–105.
Eifler, D., and Macherauch, E., 1983, “Inhomogeneous Work-Softening During Cyclic Loading of SAE 4140 in Different Heat Treated States,” Proc. 2nd Int. Sym. Defects, Fract. & Fat., G. C. Sih and J. W. Provan, eds., Can Martinus Nijhoff Publ The Hague, Neth, pp. 171–182.
Klesnil,  M., and Lukáš,  P., 1965, “Dislocation Arrangement in the Surface Layer of α-Iron Grains during Cyclic Loading,” J. Iron Steel Inst., London, 203, pp. 1043–1048.
Pohl,  K., Mayr,  P., and Macherauch,  E., 1980, “Persistent Slip Band in the Interior of a Fatigued Low Carbon Steel,” Scr. Metall., 14, pp. 1167–1169.
Christ,  H.-J., Wamukwamba,  C. K., and Mughrabi,  H., 1997, “The Effect of Mean Stress on the High-Temperature Fatigue Behavior of SAE 1045 Steel,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A, 234–236, pp. 382–385.
Weisse,  M., Wamukwamba,  C. K., Christ,  H.-J., and Mughrabi,  H., 1993, “The Cyclic Deformation and Fatigue Behavior of the Low Carbon Steel SAE 1045 in the Temperature Regime of Dynamic Strain Ageing,” Acta Metall. Mater., 41, pp. 2227–2233.
Jiang,  Y., and Sehitoglu,  H., 1994, “Multiaxial Cyclic Ratchetting Under Multiple Step Loading,” Int. J. Plast., 10, pp. 849–870.
Hall,  E. O., 1951, “The Deformation and Aging of Mild Steel: II. Characteristics of the Lüders Deformation. III. Discussion of Results,” Proc. Phys. Soc. London, Sect. B, 64, pp. 742–753.
Iricibar,  R., Mazza,  J., and Cabo,  A., 1975, “The Microscopic Strain Profile of a Propagating Lüders Band Front in Mild Steel,” Scr. Metall., 9, pp. 1051–1058.
Iricibar,  R., Mazza,  J., and Cabo,  A., 1977, “On the Lüders Band in Mild Steel-I,” Acta Metall., 25, pp. 1163–1168.
Prewo,  K., Li,  J. C. M., and Gensamer,  M., 1972, “Lüders Band Motion in Iron,” Metall. Trans., 3, pp. 2261–2269.
Lloyd,  D. J., and Morris,  L. R., 1977, “Lüders Band Deformation in a Fine Grained Aluminum Alloy,” Acta Metall., 25, pp. 857–861.
Verel,  D. J., and Sleeswyk,  A. W., 1973, “Lüders Band Propagation at Low Velocities,” Acta Metall., 21, pp. 1087–1098.
Liss,  R. B., 1957, “Lüders Bands,” Acta Metall., 5, pp. 341–342.
Boxall,  T. D., and Hundy,  B. B., 1955, “Photographing Stretcher-Strain Markings With the Vickers Projection Microscope,” Metall. Trans., 51, pp. 52–54.
Iricibar,  R., and Mazza,  J., 1975, “Meaning of the Strain Profile of a Propagating Lüders Band Front,” Scr. Metall., 9, pp. 1045–1050.
Miyazaki,  S., and Fujita,  H., 1979, “Dynamic Observation of the Process of Lüders Band Formation in Polycrystalline Iron,” Trans. Jpn. Inst. Met., 20, pp. 603–608.
Louche,  H., and Chrysochoos,  A., 2001, “Thermal and Dissipative Effects Accompanying Lüders Band Propagation,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A, 307, pp. 15–22.
Onodera,  R., Nonomura,  M., and Aramaki,  M., 2000, “Stress Drop, Lüders Strain and Strain Rate During Serrated Flow,” J. Jpn. Inst. Met., 64, pp. 1162–1171.
Sylwestrowicz,  W., and Hall,  E. O., 1951, “The Deformation and Aging of Mild Steel,” Proc. Phys. Soc. London, Sect. B, 64, pp. 495–502.
Fisher,  J. C., and Rogers,  H. C., 1956, “Propagation of Lüders Bands in Steel Wires,” Acta Metall., 4, pp. 180–185.
Moon,  D. W., 1971, “Strain Distribution Through a Propagating Lüders Band Front,” Scr. Metall., 5, pp. 213–216.
Karlsson,  B., and Lindén,  G., 1975, “Plastic Deformation of Ferrite-Pearlite Structures in Steel,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 17, pp. 209–219.
Karlsson,  B., and Lindén,  G., 1975, “Plastic Deformation of Eutectoid Steel With Different Cementite Morphologies,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 17, pp. 153–164.
Karlsson,  B., and Sundstrom,  B. O., 1974, “Inhomogeneity in Plastic Deformation of Two-Phase Steels,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 16, pp. 161–168.
Ivanova,  V. S., Terent’yev,  V. F., and Poyda,  V. G., 1970, “Features of the Built-up of Strain in Low-Carbon Steel Subjected to Cycles of Stress,” Phys. Met. Metallogr., 30, pp. 165–171.
Oates,  G., and Wilson,  D. V., 1964, “The Effects of Dislocation Locking and Strain Aging on the Fatigue Limit of Low-Carbon Steel,” Acta Metall., 12, pp. 21–33.
Abel,  A., and Muir,  H., 1973, “The Effect of Cyclic Loading on Subsequent Yielding,” Acta Metall., 21, pp. 93–97.
Carrington,  W. E., and McLean,  D., 1965, “Slip Nuclei in Silicon-Iron,” Acta Metall., 13, pp. 493–499.
Ananathan,  V. S., and Hall,  E. O., 1991, “Macroscopic Aspects of Lüders Band Deformation in Mild Steel,” Acta Metall. Mater., 39, pp. 3153–3160.
Hutchison,  M. M., 1963, “The Temperature Dependence of the Yield Stress of Polycrystalline Iron,” Philos. Mag., 8, pp. 121–127.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Microstructure of SAE 1045 steel after normalization
Grahic Jump Location
Monotonic tension behavior of 1045 steel: (a) monotonic stress-extensometer strain curve; and (b) variations of local strains
Grahic Jump Location
Cyclic deformation of 1045 steel under fully reversed stress-controlled uniaxial loading: (a) variations of local strain amplitudes and propagation of plastic zone; and (b) variations of local mean strains
Grahic Jump Location
Influence of monotonic tension preload on cyclic deformation: (a) local tensile strains under monotonic tension preload; (b) variations of local strain amplitudes with loading cycles in subsequent cyclic loading; and (c) variations of local mean strains with loading cycles in subsequent cyclic loading
Grahic Jump Location
Cyclic deformation of 1045 steel under three-step stress-controlled cyclic loading: (a) variations of strain amplitudes; and (b) variations of mean strains
Grahic Jump Location
Typical dislocation arrangement during the incubation stage
Grahic Jump Location
Typical dislocation arrangements during the propagation stage (at cycle 420): (a) at Gage 10 (low local strain amplitude: 0.165%); (b) at Gage 6 (medium local strain amplitude: 0.2%); and (c) at Gage 2 (high local strain amplitude: 0.23%)
Grahic Jump Location
Typical dislocation arrangement at the saturation stage
Grahic Jump Location
Dislocation cells are formed at first at the grain/phase boundary (at 1550th cycle in a saturation stage)

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In