0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Characterization of Fatigue Damage Modes in Nicalon/Calcium Aluminosilicate Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
Jeongguk Kim

Railroad Safety Research and Testing Center, Korea Railroad Research Institute, Kyunggi, South Korea 437-757

Peter K. Liaw

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2200

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 127(1), 8-15 (Feb 22, 2005) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1836766 History: Received January 01, 2003; Revised September 14, 2004; Online February 22, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Lehman, R. L., El-Rahaiby, S. K., and Wachtman, J. B., 1995, Handbook on Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic Matrix Composites, The Am. Ceram. Soc., Westerville, OH, p. 495.
Chawla, K. K., 1993, Ceramic Matrix Composites, Chapman & Hall, London, p. 4.
Liaw,  P. K., 1995, “Fiber-Reinforced CMCs: Processing, Mechanical Behavior and Modeling,” JOM, 47(10), pp. 38–44.
Yasmin,  A., and Bowen,  P., 2002, “Fracture Behavior of Cross-Ply Nicalon/CAS/II Glass-Ceramic Matrix Composite Laminate at Room and Elevated Temperatures,” Composites, Part A, 33, p. 1209–1218.
Nair,  B. G., Cooper,  R. F., and Plesha,  M. E., 2001, “High-Temperature Creep of a Bi-Directional, Continuous-SiC-Fiber-Reinforced Glass-Ceramic Composite,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 300, p. 68–79.
Liu,  Y. M., Mitchell,  T. E., and Wadley,  H. N. G., 2002, “Anisotropic Damage Evolution in a 0°/90° Laminated Ceramic-Matrix Composite,” Acta Mater., 48, p. 4841–4849.
Stawovy,  R. H., Kampe,  S. L., and Curtin,  W. A., 1997, “Mechanical Behavior of Glass and Blackglas Ceramic Matrix Composites,” Acta Mater., 45(12), pp. 5317–5325.
Powell,  K. L., Yeomans,  J. A., and Smith,  P. A., 1997, “A Study of the Erosive Wear Behaviour of Continuous Fibre Reinforced Ceramic Matrix Composites,” Acta Mater., 45(1), pp. 321–330.
Sanchez,  J. M., Elizalde,  M. R., Daniel,  A. M., Martinez-Esnaola,  J. M., Puente,  I., and Martin,  A., 1996, “Interfacial Characterization of 2D Woven SiC/SiC and Cross-ply 0°/90° CAS/SiC Composites,” Composites, Part A, 27A, pp. 787–792.
Kahraman,  R., 1996, “A Microdebonding Study of the High-Temperature Oxidation Embrittlement of a Cross-Ply Glass-Ceramic/SiC Composite,” Compos. Sci. Technol., 56, pp. 1453–1459.
Curtin,  W. A., and Zhou,  S. J., 1995, “Influence of Processing Damage on Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Composites,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 43(3), pp. 343–363.
Ness, S., Sherlock, C. N., Moore, P. O., and McIntire, P. M., 1996, Nondestructive Testing Overview, Nondestructive Testing Handbook, 2nd ed., Vol. 10, American Society for Nondestructive Testing, Inc., Columbus, OH.
ASM Handbook: Nondestructive Evaluation and Quality Control, 1992, Vol. 17, ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p. 231.
Kim, J., Liaw, P. K., Hwu, J. J., Wang, H., and Lee, Y., 2001, “Thermal and Mechanical Characterization of Ceramic Matrix Composites by Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Techniques,” Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites VI, J. P. Singh et al., eds., The Am. Ceram. Soc., Westerville, OH, pp. 241–252.
Liaw,  P. K., Wang,  H., Jiang,  L., Yang,  B., Huang,  J. Y., Kuo,  R. C., and Huang,  J. G., 2000, “Thermography Detection of Fatigue Damage of Pressure Vessel Steels at 1,000 Hz and 20 Hz,” Scr. Mater., 42(4), pp. 389–395.
Wang,  H., Jiang,  L., Liaw,  P. K., Brooks,  C. R., and Klarstrom,  D. L., 2000, “Infrared Temperature Mapping of ULTIMET Alloy during High-Cycle Fatigue Tests,” Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 31A, pp. 1307–1310.
Jiang,  L., Wang,  H., Liaw,  P. K., Brooks,  C. R., and Klarstrom,  D. L., 2001, “Characterization of the Temperature Evolution During High-Cycle Fatigue of the ULTIMET Superalloy: Experiment and Theoretical Modeling,” Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 32A, pp. 2279–2296.
Yang,  B., Liaw,  P. K., Wang,  H., Jiang,  L., Huang,  J. Y., Kuo,  R. C., and Huang,  J. G., 2001, “Thermographic Investigation of the Fatigue Behavior of Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A, A314, pp. 131–139.
Liaw,  P. K., Hsu,  D. K., Yu,  N., Miriyala,  N., Saini,  V., and Jeong,  H., 1996, “Investigation of Metal and Ceramic-Matrix Composites Moduli: Experiment and Theory,” Acta Metall. Mater., 44(5), pp. 2101–2113.
Lee,  S. S., and Stinchcomb,  W. W., 1996, “Damage Mechanisms and Fracture Modes in Nicalon/CAS-II Laminates,” Key Eng. Mater., 121–122, p. 227–256.
Prewo,  K. M., Brennan,  J. J., and Laxden,  G. K., 1986, “Mechanical Properties of Silicon Carbides Composites,” Ceram. Bull.,65(2), pp. 305–313.
ASTM, 2000, Standard Test Method for Monotonic Tensile Behavior of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics with Solid Rectangular Cross-Section Specimens at Ambient Temperatures, C1275-00, ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA.
Kim, J., Yang, B., Liaw, P. K., and Wang, H., 2003, “Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) and Tension Behavior of Nextel/Blackglas Composites,” Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites VIII, J. P. Singh et al., The Am. Ceram. Soc., Westerville, OH, pp. 149–160.
Kim, J., and Liaw, P. K., 2002, “Damage Evolution and Fracture Mechanisms of Ceramic Matrix Composites with Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Techniques,” Mechanisms and Mechanics of Fracture: Symposium in the Honor of Professor J. F. Knott, W. O. Sobojejo et al., eds., The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, pp. 209–216.
Chawla,  N., Tur,  Y. K., Holmes,  J. W., and Barber,  J. R., 1998, “High-Frequency Fatigue Behavior of Woven-Fiber-Fabric-Reinforced Polymer-Derived Ceramic-Matrix Composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 81(5), pp. 1221–1230.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Cross-sectional views of (a) [0/90]4S crossply Nicalon™/CAS composite and (b) [0] unidirectional Nicalon™/CAS composite, respectively. Note that the unidirectional composite does not show a clear distinction between plies due to hot-pressing process.
Grahic Jump Location
Tensile behavior of crossply and unidirectional Nicalon™/CAS composites
Grahic Jump Location
High-cycle fatigue behavior of Nicalon™/CAS composites
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature evolution during fatigue testing for both crossply and unidirectional Nicalon™/CAS composites
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture surface of a fatigued crossply Nicalon™/CAS composite sample
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture surface of the fatigued sample with higher magnification from Fig. 5. The crack initiated inside (center) the sample, propagated to the outside of the sample, and final failure occurred with extensive fiber pullout.
Grahic Jump Location
Failure mechanisms of a crossply Nicalon™/CAS composite during fatigue: (a) crack propagation in the 90° fiber bundle at the fracture surface, (b) the crack propagation into the 0° fiber bundle, (c) more matrix cracking in the 0° ply, (d) debonding at the 0° fiber bundle, and (e) final fiber pullout in the 0° fiber bundle
Grahic Jump Location
Fatigue fracture surface of a crossply Nicalon™/CAS composite
Grahic Jump Location
The detailed SEM micrographs of the fracture surfaces in a crossply Nicalon™/CAS composite from Fig. 8: (a) seventh ply (0°), (b) ninth ply (0°), (c) eleventh ply (0°), (d) thirteenth ply (0°), and (e) fifteenth ply (0°)
Grahic Jump Location
A SEM micrograph showing extensive fiber pullout from first ply in Fig. 8
Grahic Jump Location
Limited or almost no fiber pullout from the center of the sample (seventh ply) in a crossply Nicalon™/CAS composite
Grahic Jump Location
SEM micrograph showing toughening mechanisms in a cross-ply Nicalon™/CAS composite; interfacial debonding of the fiber and matrix, crack deflection, and fiber pullout
Grahic Jump Location
Fiber debonding from the matrix area and matrix debris on the fatigue fracture surface of a unidirectional Nicalon™/CAS composite
Grahic Jump Location
Fiber pullout and final failure of a unidirectional Nicalon™/CAS composite
Grahic Jump Location
Fatigue fracture surface with extensive fiber pullout in a unidirectional Nicalon™/CAS composite

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In