This work aims to investigate the dynamic behavior of polypropylene organoclay nanocomposites. The nanocomposite was obtained by mixing the polypropylene matrix with a masterbatch of polypropylene modified anhydride maleic and montmorillonite organoclay (pp-nanocor). The dynamic behavior was investigated by using split Hopkinson pressure bars, at different strain rates and different temperatures. The obtained nanocomposite exhibits a good dispersion and a partially exfoliated morphology. To study the effect of nanocomposite dispersion and morphology on the dynamic behavior, another nanocomposite was prepared by melt mixing of polypropylene and a modified montmorillonite (dellite) (PP dellite). The dynamic property results for PP-nanocor show an increase of both Young’s modulus and yield stress with the increasing organoclay concentration. However, PP-dellite nanocomposites present poor mechanical properties compared with those of PP-nanocor.