Lemaitre, J., and Desmorat, R., 2005, "*Engineering Damage Mechanics*", Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg.

Krajcinovic, D., 1996, "*Damage Mechanics*", Elsevier, The Netherlands.

Budiansky, B., and O’Connell, R. J., 1976, “Elastic Moduli of a Cracked Solid,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 12 , pp. 81–97.

[CrossRef]Lubarda, V., and Krajcinovic, D., 1993, “Damage Tensors and the Crack Density Distribution,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 30 (20), pp. 2859–2877.

[CrossRef]Cauvin, A., and Testa, R., 1999, “Damage Mechanics: Basic Variables in Continuum Theories,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 36 , pp. 747–761.

[CrossRef]Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Kattan, P., 2011, “A New Class of Damage Variables in Continuum Damage Mechanics,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 23 manuscript pages (in press).

Lemaitre, J., 1984, “How to Use Damage Mechanics,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 80 , pp. 233–245.

[CrossRef]Chow, C., and Wang, J., 1987, “An Anisotropic Theory of Elasticity for Continuum Damage Mechanics,” Int. J. Fract., 33 , pp. 3–16.

[CrossRef]Lee, H., Peng, K., and Wang, J., 1985, “An Anisotropic Damage Criterion for Deformation Instability and Its Application to Forming Limit Analysis of Metal Plates,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 21 , pp. 1031–1054.

[CrossRef]Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Kattan, P. I., 1996, “On the Symmetrization of the Effective Stress Tensor in Continuum Damage Mechanics,” J. Mech. Behav. Mater., 7 (1–2), pp. 139–165.

[CrossRef]Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Kattan, P. I., 1999, "*Advances in Damage Mechanics: Metals and Metal Matrix Composites*", Elsevier Science, The Netherlands.

Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Kattan, P. I., 2006a, "*Advances in Damage Mechanics: Metals and Metal Matrix Composites With an Introduction to Fabric Tensors*", 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York.

Kattan, P. I., and Voyiadjis, G. Z., 2001a, “Decomposition of Damage Tensor in Continuum Damage Mechanics,” J. Eng. Mech., ASCE, 127 (9), pp. 940–944.

[CrossRef]Kattan, P. I., and Voyiadjis, G. Z., 2001b, "*Damage Mechanics With Finite Elements: Practical Applications With Computer Tools*", Springer-Verlag, Germany.

Doghri, I., 2000, "*Mechanics of Deformable Solids: Linear and Nonlinear, Analytical and Computational Aspects*", Springer-Verlag, Germany.

Hansen, N. R., and Schreyer, H. L., 1994, “A Thermodynamically Consistent Framework for Theories of Elastoplasticity Coupled With Damage,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 31 (3), pp. 359–389.

[CrossRef]Luccioni, B., and Oller, S., 2003, “A Directional Damage Model,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 192 , pp. 1119–1145.

[CrossRef]Kachanov, L., 1958, “On the Creep Fracture Time,” Izv Akad, Nauk USSR, Otd. Tech., 8 , pp. 26–31 (in Russian).

Rabotnov, Y., 1969, “Creep Rupture,” "*Proceedings of the Twelfth International Congress of Applied Mechanics*", M.Hetenyi and W.G.Vincenti, eds., Stanford, 1968, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 342–349.

Lemaitre, J., 1971, “Evaluation of Dissipation and Damage in Metals Subjected to Dynamic Loading,” "*Proceedings of I.C.M. 1*", Kyoto, Japan.

Chaboche, J. L., 1981, “Continuous Damage Mechanics—A Tool to Describe Phenomena Before Crack Initiation,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 64 , pp. 233–247.

[CrossRef]Sidoroff, F., 1981, “Description of Anisotropic Damage Application to Elasticity,” "*IUTAM Colloqium on Physical Nonlinearities in Structural Analysis*", pp. 237–244, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Cordebois, J. P., and Sidoroff, F., 1979, “Damage Induced Elastic Anisotropy,” Colloque Euromech, 115 , Villard de Lans.

Cordebois, P. J., 1983, “Criteres d’Instabilite Plastique et Endommagement Ductile en Grandes Deformations,” These de Doctorat, Presente a l’Universite Pierre et Marie Curie.

Chow, C. L., and Wang, J., 1988, “Ductile Fracture Characterization With an Anisotropic Continuum Damage Theory,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 30 , pp. 547–563.

[CrossRef]Krajcinovic, D., and Foneska, G. U., 1981, “The Continuum Damage Theory for Brittle Materials,” J. Appl. Mech., 48 , pp. 809–824.

[CrossRef]Murakami, S., and Ohno, N., 1981, “A Continuum Theory of Creep and Creep Damage,” "*Proceedings of 3M IUTAM Symposium on Creep in Structures*", pp. 422–444, Springer, Berlin.

Murakami, S., 1983, “Notion of Continuum Damage Mechanics and its Application to Anisotropic Creep Damage Theory,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 105 , pp. 99–105.

[CrossRef]Krajcinovic, D., 1983, “Constitutive Equations for Damaging Materials,” J. Appl. Mech., 50 , pp. 355–360.

[CrossRef]Krempl, E., 1981, “On the Identification Problem in Materials Deformation Modeling,” "*Euromech*", 147 , on Damage Mechanics, Cachan, France.

Leckie, F. A., and Onat, E. T., 1981, “Tensorial Nature of Damage Measuring Internal Variables,” "*IUTAM Colloquim on Physical Nonlinearities in Structural Analysis*", Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 140–155.

Onat, E. T., 1986, “Representation of Mechanical Behavior in the Presence of Internal Damage,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 25 , pp. 605–614.

[CrossRef]Onat, E. T., and Leckie, F. A., 1988, “Representation of Mechanical Behavior in the Presence of Changing Internal Structure,” J. Appl. Mech., 55 , pp. 1–10.

[CrossRef]Betten, J., 1981, “Damage Tensors in Continuum Mechanics,” J. Mec. Theor. Appl., 2 , pp. 13–32. (Presented at Euromech Colloqium 147 on Damage Mechanics, Paris-VI, Cachan, Sept. 22).

Betten, J., 1986, “Applications of Tensor Functions to the Formulation of Constitutive Equations Involving Damage and Initial Anisotropy,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 25 , pp. 573–584.

[CrossRef]Ju, J. W., 1990, “Isotropic and Anisotropic Damage Variables in Continuum Damage Mechanics,” J. Eng. Mech., ASCE, 116 , pp. 2764–2770.

[CrossRef]Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Kattan, P. I., 2009, “A Comparative Study of Damage Variables in Continuum Damage Mechanics,” Int. J. Damage Mech., 18 (4), pp. 315–340.

[CrossRef]Lemaitre, J., 1985, “A Continuous Damage Mechanics Model for Ductile Fracture,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 107 , pp. 83–89.

[CrossRef]Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Park, T., 1997, “Local and Interfacial Damage Analysis of Metal Matrix Composites Using the Finite Element Method,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 56 (4), pp. 483–511.

[CrossRef]Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Kattan, P. I., 1992, “A Plasticity-Damage Theory for Large Deformation of Solids—Part I: Theoretical Formulation,” Int. J. Eng. Sci., 30 (9), pp. 1089–1108.

[CrossRef]Voyiadjis, G. Z., and Kattan, P. I., 1990, “A Coupled Theory of Damage Mechanics and Finite Strain Elasto-Plasticity—Part II: Damage and Finite Strain Plasticity,” Int. J. Eng. Sci., 28 (6), pp. 505–524.

[CrossRef]Kattan, P. I., and Voyiadjis, G. Z., 1993, “A Plasticity-Damage Theory for Large Deformation of Solids—Part II: Applications to Finite Simple Shear,” Int. J. Eng. Sci., 31 (1), pp. 183–199.

[CrossRef]Cordebois, J. P., and Sidoroff, F., 1982 “Anisotropic Damage in Elasticity and Plasticity,” J. Mec. Theor. Appl. (Numerous Special), 2 , pp. 45–60 (in French).

Murakami, S., 1988, “Mechanical Modeling of Material Damage,” J. Appl. Mech., 55 , pp. 280–286.

[CrossRef]Celentano, D. J., Tapia, P. E., and Chaboche, J.-L., 2004, “Experimental and Numerical Characterization of Damage Evolution in Steels,” "*Mecanica Computacional*"G.Buscaglia, E.Dari, and O.Zamonsky, eds., Bariloche, Argentina, Vol. XXIII .

Nichols, J. M., and Abell, A. B., 2003, “Implementing the Degrading Effective Stiffness of Masonry in a Finite Element Model,” "*North American Masonry Conference*", Clemson, South Carolina.

Nichols, J. M., and Totoev, Y. Z., 1999, “Experimental Investigation of the Damage Mechanics of Masonry Under Dynamic In-Plane Loads,” "*North American Masonry Conference*", Austin, Texas.

Voyiadjis, G. Z., 1988, “Degradation of Elastic Modulus in Elastoplastic Coupling With Finite Strains,” Int. J. Plast., 4 , pp. 335–353.

[CrossRef]