In this paper, the effect of surface damage induced by focused ion beam (FIB) fabrication on the mechanical properties of silicon (Si) nanowires (NWs) was investigated. Uniaxial tensile testing of the NWs was performed using a reusable on-chip tensile test device with 1000 pairs of comb structures working as an electrostatic force actuator, a capacitive displacement sensor, and a force sensor. Si NWs were made from silicon-on-nothing (SON) membranes that were produced by deep reactive ion etching hole fabrication and ultrahigh vacuum annealing. Micro probe manipulation and film deposition functions in a FIB system were used to bond SON membranes to the device's sample stage and then to directly fabricate Si NWs on the device. All the NWs showed brittle fracture in ambient air. The Young's modulus of 57 nm-wide NW was 107.4 GPa, which was increased to 144.2 GPa with increasing the width to 221 nm. The fracture strength ranged from 3.9 GPa to 7.3 GPa. By assuming the thickness of FIB-induced damage layer, the Young's modulus of the layer was estimated to be 96.2 GPa, which was in good agreement with the literature value for amorphous Si.