Research Papers

Effect of the Matrix and Reinforcement Sizes on the Microstructure, the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Al-SiC Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. Salem

Higher Technological Institute,
10th of Ramadan City,
Sharqiya 44629, Egypt

I. G. El-Batanony

Faculty of Engineering,
Al-Azhar University,
Cairo 11765, Egypt

M. Ghanem

Faculty of Industrial Education,
Suez University,
Suez 43527, Egypt

Mohamed Ibrahim Abd ElAal

Mechanical Design and Production Department,
Faculty of Engineering,
Zagazig University,
Zagazig 44519, Egypt

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Materials Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 7, 2016; final manuscript received September 27, 2016; published online October 27, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Vadim V. Silberschmidt.

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 139(1), 011007 (Oct 27, 2016) (7 pages) Paper No: MATS-16-1192; doi: 10.1115/1.4034959 History: Received July 07, 2016; Revised September 27, 2016

Different Al-SiC metal matrix composites (MMCs) with a different matrix, reinforcement sizes, and volume fractions were fabricated using ball milling (BM) and powder metallurgy (PM) techniques. Al and Al-SiC composites with different volume fractions were milled for 120 h. Then, the Al and Al-SiC composites were pressed under 125 MPa and finally sintered at 450 °C. Moreover, microsize and combination between micro and nano sizes Al-SiC samples were prepared by the same way. The effect of the Al matrix, SiC reinforcement sizes and the SiC volume fraction on the microstructure evolution, physical and mechanical properties of the produced composites was investigated. The BM and powder metallurgy techniques followed by sintering produce fully dense Al-SiC composite samples with different matrix and reinforcement sizes. The SiC particle size was observed to have a higher effect on the thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity, and microhardness of the produced composites than that of the SiC volume fraction. The decreasing of the Al and SiC particle sizes and increasing of the SiC volume fraction deteriorate the physical properties. On the other hand, the microhardness was enhanced with the decreasing of the Al, SiC particle sizes and the increasing of the SiC volume fraction.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Xiong, B. , Xu, Z. , Yan, Q. , Cai, C. , Zheng, Y. , and Lu, B. , 2010, “ Fabrication of SiC Nano Particulates Reinforced Al Matrix Composites by Combining Pressureless Infiltration With Ball-Milling and Cold-Pressing Technology,” J. Alloys Compd., 497(1–2), pp. L1–L4. [CrossRef]
Sahin, Y. , 2010, “ Abrasive Wear Behavior of SiC/2014 Aluminum Composite,” Tribol. Int., 43(5–6), pp. 939–943. [CrossRef]
Evans, A. , San, M. , and Mortensen, A. , 2003, Metal Matrix Composites in Industry: An Introduction and a Survey, 1st ed., Springer Science+Business Media, New York.
German, R. , 1990, Powder Metallurgy Science, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ, pp. 59–95.
Bathula, S. , Anandani, R. , Dhar, A. , and Srivastava, A. , 2012, “ Microstructural Features and Mechanical Properties of Al 5083/SiCp Metal Matrix Nanocomposites Produced by High Energy Ball Milling and Spark Plasma Sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 545, pp. 97–102. [CrossRef]
Wan-Li, G. U. , 2006, “ Bulk Al/SiC Nanocomposite Prepared by Ball Milling and Hot Pressing Method,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 16(S1), pp. 398–401. [CrossRef]
El-Kady, O. , and Fathy, A. , 2014, “ Effect of SiC Particle Size on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Extruded Al Matrix Nanocomposites,” Mater. Des., 54, pp. 348–353. [CrossRef]
Kim, W. , Li, H. , Yoo, B. , Kim, S. , Hong, S. , Lee, H. , and Lee, J. , 2014, “ Preparation of Te Nanopowder by Vacuum Distillation,” Powder Technol., 256, pp. 204–209. [CrossRef]
Razavi-Tousi, S. , Yazdani-Rad, R. , and Manafi, S. , 2011, “ Effect of Volume Fraction and Particle Size of Alumina Reinforcement on Compaction and Densification Behavior of Al–Al2O3 Nanocomposites,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 528(3), pp. 1105–1110. [CrossRef]
Ramezany, M. , and Neitzert, T. , 2012, “ Mechanical Milling of Aluminum Powder Using Planetary Ball Milling Process,” J. Achiev. Mater. Manuf. Eng., 55(2), pp. 790–798.
Hassani, A. , Bagherpour, E. , and Qods, F. , 2014, “ Influence of Pores on Workability of Porous Al/SiC Composites Fabricated Through Powder Metallurgy + Mechanical Alloying,” J. Alloys Compd., 591, pp. 132–142. [CrossRef]
Tatar, C. , and Ozdemir, N. , 2010, “ Investigation of Thermal Conductivity and Microstructure of the α-Al2O3 Particulate Reinforced Aluminum Composites (Al/Al2O3-MMC) by Powder Metallurgy Method,” Phys. B, 405(3), pp. 896–899. [CrossRef]
Cengel, Y. , 2004, Heat Transfer—A Practical Approach, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, India, pp. 2–59.
Liu, Z. , Xiao, B. , Wang, W. , and Ma, Z. , 2014, “ Tensile Strength and Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Combined With Friction Stir Processing,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 30(7), pp. 649–655. [CrossRef]
Ataev, I. , Dedegkaeva, L. , Manukyants, A. , Ponezhev, M. , Punis, V. , and Sozaev, V. , 2015, “ Thermal and Electrical Conductivity of a Copper–Aluminum Micro (Nano) Composite Material,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., 79(11), pp. 1380–1382. [CrossRef]
Hall, E. , 1951, “ The Deformation and Ageing of Mild Steel: III Discussion of Results,” Proc. R. Soc., B, 64(9), pp. 747–753.
Petch, N. J. , 1953, “ The Cleavage Strength of Polycrystals,” J. Iron Steel Inst., 174, pp. 25–28.
Miller, W. , and Humphreys, F. , 1991, “ Strengthening Mechanisms in Particulate Metal Matrix Composites,” Scr. Metall., 25(1), pp. 33–38. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

SEM photomicrographs of Al powder (a) as received and (b) after 120 h of milling

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

SEM photomicrographs of SiC powder (a) as received and (b) after 120 h of milling—any large particles come from agglomeration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

(a) SEM photomicrographs, (b) EDX area analysis, and (c) EDX point of SiC particles in the case of Aln-15%SiCn sample in powder state after mixing for 2 h

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

OM photomicrographs of (a) Alm-10%SiCm and (b) Alm-15% SiCm samples after compacting and sintering

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

SEM photomicrograph of Alm-10%SiCm sample after compacting and sintering

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

SEM photomicrographs of (a) Aln-10%SiCn and (b) Aln-15% SiCn samples after compacting and sintering

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

EDX of (a) Aln-10%SiCn and (b) Aln-15%SiCn after compacting and sintering

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

The density variation with the SiC content for the different composites

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

The variation of the void% with the vol. % SiC of the different composites

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

The variation of the thermal conductivity with the vol. % SiC of the different composites

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

The variation of the electric resistivity with the vol. % SiC of the different composites

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

The variation of the microhardness with the vol. % SiC of the different composites




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In