Multiscale Material Modeling and Simulation of the Mechanical Behavior of Dual Phase Steels under Different strain rates: Parametric Study and Optimization

[+] Author and Article Information
Tarek Belgasam

School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163 (USA); Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Benghazi, Benghazi, Libya

Hussein Zbib

School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163 (USA)

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039292 History: Received August 30, 2017; Revised January 03, 2018


Recent studies on developing dual phase (DP) steels showed that the combination of strength/ductility could be significantly improved when changing the volume fraction and grain size of phases in the microstructure depending on microstructure properties. Consequently, DP steel manufacturers are interested in predicting microstructure properties as well as optimizing microstructure design at different strain rate conditions. In this work, a microstructure-based approach using a multiscale material and structure model was developed. The approach examined the mechanical behavior of DP steels using virtual tensile tests with a full micro-macro multiscale material model to identify specific mechanical properties. Microstructures with varied ferrite grain sizes, martensite volume fractions, and carbon content in DP steels were also studied. The influence of these microscopic parameters at different strain rates on the mechanical properties of DP steels was examined numerically using a full micro-macro multiscale finite element method. An elasto-viscoplastic constitutive model and a response surface methodology (RSM) was used to determine the optimum microstructure parameters for a required combination of strength/ductility at different strain rates. The results from the numerical simulations are compared with experimental results found in the literature. The developed methodology proved to be a powerful tool for studying the effect and interaction of key strain rate sensitivity and microstructure parameters on mechanical behavior and thus can be used to identify optimum microstructural conditions at different strain rates.

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