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Research Papers

Production of Al Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced With Carbon Nanotubes by Two-Stage Melt-Based HPDC-CE Method

[+] Author and Article Information
Natalya Larianovsky, Vladimir Popov, Alexander Katz-Demyanetz, Alex Fleisher

Israel Institute of Metals (IIM),
Technion City,
Haifa 3200003, Israel

Douglas E. Meyers, Ray S. Chaudhuri

YTC America, Inc.,
3401 Calle Tecate,
Camarillo, CA 93012

Contributed by the Materials Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received January 17, 2018; final manuscript received May 24, 2018; published online July 5, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Vikas Tomar.

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 141(1), 011002 (Jul 05, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: MATS-18-1015; doi: 10.1115/1.4040556 History: Received January 17, 2018; Revised May 24, 2018

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are well known as perfect reinforcement for high strength and lightweight composites due to their high specific strength, thermal, electrical, and mechanical characteristics. One of the important challenges is to obtain a homogeneous dispersion of CNTs in metal matrix, so development technologies for producing metal matrix composites (MMCs) is of great interest. Melting followed by solidification, may be successfully utilized for synthesizing CNT-reinforced aluminum-based MMCs. In this study, Al/CNT composites have been produced by direct injection of CNTs in pure aluminum using high-pressure die casting (HPDC) method. The as-produced billets were subjected to cyclic extrusion (CE) to refine CNT agglomerates and to increase CNT dispersion in aluminum. Current investigation demonstrates that more than 50% efficiency of combined HPDC-CE production method has been achieved. The resulting composites demonstrated improved mechanical properties.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

HR-SEM-images of as-received MWCNTs at different magnifications: (a) 1 μm and (b) 200 nm

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Fig. 2

Illustration of HPDC [23] process. On the figure: (1) shot piston and (2) molten aluminum.

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Fig. 3

CNTs distribution in the ingot after HPDC (0.5 wt % CNT)

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Fig. 4

Schematic illustration of the CE process, where 1—HPDC-ingot

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Fig. 5

Schematic illustration of hot direct extrusion, where (1) initial ingot; (2) extruded bar; and (3) heating element

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Fig. 6

Processing of Al-0.25 wt % CNT composite: (a) HPDC ingot, (b) material after extrusion, and (c) machined HPDC-CE sample for mechanical testing

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Fig. 7

Optical microscopy of Al/0.5 wt % CNT composites

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Fig. 8

Optic images of the Al-0.25 wt % CNT composite after CE

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Fig. 9

Optic images of the Al-0.5 wt % CNT composite after CE

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Fig. 10

HR-SEM-images of the Al-0.5 wt % CNT composites: (a) and (b) after three cycles of CE; (c) and (d) after six cycles of CE; and (e) and (f) after ten cycles of CE

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