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Research Papers

Mechanical Behavior of Silicon Carbide Under Static and Dynamic Compression

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Zhang, A. Roy

Wolfson School of Mechanical,
Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering,
Loughborough University,
Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK

L. G. Zhao

Wolfson School of Mechanical,
Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering,
Loughborough University,
Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
e-mail: L.Zhao@Lboro.ac.uk

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Materials Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 20, 2018; final manuscript received May 16, 2018; published online July 18, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Vikas Tomar.

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 141(1), 011007 (Jul 18, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: MATS-18-1047; doi: 10.1115/1.4040591 History: Received February 20, 2018; Revised May 16, 2018

This paper compared the mechanical behavior of 6H SiC under quasi-static and dynamic compression. Rectangle specimens with a dimension of 3 × 3 × 6 mm3 were used for quasi-static compression tests under three different loading rates (i.e., 10−5/s, 10−4/s, and 10−3/s). Stress–strain response showed purely brittle behavior of the material which was further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/transmission electron microscopy (TEM) examinations of fractured fragments. For dynamic compression, split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) tests were carried out for cubic specimens with a dimension of 6 × 6 × 4 mm3. Stress–strain curves confirmed the occurrence of plastic deformation under dynamic compression, and dislocations were identified from TEM studies of fractured pieces. Furthermore, JH2 model was used to simulate SHPB tests, with parameters calibrated against the experimental results. The model was subsequently used to predict strength and plasticity-related damage under various dynamic loading conditions. This study concluded that, under high loading rate, silicon carbide (SiC) can deform plastically as evidenced by the development of nonlinear stress–strain response and also the evolution of dislocations. These findings can be explored to control the brittle behavior of SiC and benefit end users in relevant industries.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Microstructure of 6H-SiC as received

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Fig. 2

(a) As-received SiC tile and (b) prepared specimen with a strain gauge mounted

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Fig. 3

Schematic of the compression test setup

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Fig. 4

A schematic of SHPB system

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Fig. 5

Flowchart of the JH2 model

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Fig. 6

Stress–strain curves from quasi-static and SHPB compression experiments

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Fig. 7

SEM images of fragments collected from (a) to (b) quasi-static and (c) to (d) dynamic compression tests

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Fig. 8

TEM images of lift-out lamella from fragments collected after quasi-static compression test

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Fig. 9

TEM images of lift-out lamella from fragments collected after SHPB tests: (a)-(b) 500/s, (c)-(d) 1000/s, and (e)-(f) 2000/s strain rate

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Fig. 10

Comparison of stress–strain curves obtained from JH2 model and SHPB tests

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Fig. 11

Compressive strength of 6H-SiC against loading rate

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Fig. 12

Contour plots of (a)-(b) damage (SDV4) and (c)-(d) equivalent plastic strain (SDV1) at the moment of failure for 4000/s (left) and 500/s (right) loading rates, respectively

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