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J. Eng. Mater. Technol.. 2015;137(3):031001-031001-14. doi:10.1115/1.4029908.

The predictive capability of the Sehitoglu–Boismier unified constitutive and life model for Mar-M247 Ni-base superalloy is extended from a maximum temperature of 871 °C to 1038 °C. The unified constitutive model suitable for thermomechanical loading is adapted and calibrated using the response from isothermal cyclic experiments conducted at temperatures from 500 °C to 1038 °C at different strain rates with and without dwells. The flow rule function and parameters as well as the temperature dependence of the evolution equation for kinematic hardening are established. Creep and stress relaxation are critical to capture in this elevated temperature regime. The coarse-grained polycrystalline microstructure exhibits a high variability in the predicted cyclic response due to the variation in the elastic response associated with the orientation of the crystallographic grains. The life model accounts for fatigue, creep, and environmental damage under both isothermal and thermomechanical fatigue (TMF).

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster
J. Eng. Mater. Technol.. 2015;137(3):031002-031002-8. doi:10.1115/1.4030004.

The temperature and concentration play an important role on rheological parameters of the gel. In this work, an experimental investigation of thermorheological properties of aqueous gel Carbopol Ultrez 20 for various concentrations and temperatures has been presented. Both controlled stress ramps and controlled stress oscillatory sweeps were performed for obtaining the rheological data to find out the effect of temperature and concentration. The hysteresis or thixotropic seemed to have negligible effect. Yield stress, consistency factor, and power law index were found to vary with temperature as well as concentration. With gel concentration, the elastic effect was found to increase whereas viscous dissipation effect was found to decrease. Further, the change in elastic properties was insignificant with temperature in higher frequency range of oscillatory stress sweeps.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

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