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J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 2018;140(4):041001-041001-9. doi:10.1115/1.4039690.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the macroscopic behavior of an aluminum alloy after severe plastic deformations (SPD). Samples of 6061 aluminum alloy are processed at room temperature by two techniques of SPD: equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) under quasi-static loading and impact under dynamic loading, using Taylor's test setup. In addition to the mechanical properties, the microstructure evolution of the material is investigated. Half of the samples are aged at 400 °C for 2 h, to remove internal stress in a commercial alloy in order to increase workability of the material. The evolution of the properties and the material behavior after 2, 4, 6, and 8 passes of the 120 deg ECAP process is investigated.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster
J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 2018;140(4):041002-041002-6. doi:10.1115/1.4039791.

The grain refinement of Mg–Al alloy AZ91 via carbon inoculation, including the significant role of Mn in advanced nucleation, was analyzed, and the corresponding mechanical properties and aging behavior were investigated. To this end, various amounts of C were added into the liquid at the desired temperatures. Al8Mn5 particles, which are suitable nucleation sites for α-Mg, were identified as the primary grain refiners. In situ particle formation, along with appropriate wetting and a suitable orientation relationship (OR), facilitated the grain refinement mechanism. Al4C3 particles contributed to heterogeneous nucleation by providing suitable Al8Mn5 nucleation sites. Mn removal resulted in poor grain refinement in the Mg–Al alloy. The Hall–Petch relationship, high-temperature tensile behavior, and aging mechanism of the samples refined by 1 wt % C addition (as the best grain refiner) are discussed and compared with industrial practice.

Commentary by Dr. Valentin Fuster

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