Understanding unsteady flow phenomena in compressor stages often requires the use of time-accurate CFD simulations. Due to the inherent differences in blade pitch between adjacent blade rows, the flow conditions at any given instant in adjacent blade rows differ. Simplified computation of the stage represented by a single blade in each row and simple periodic boundary conditions is therefore not possible. Depending on the blade counts, it may be necessary to model the entire annulus of the stage; however, this requires considerable computational time and memory resources. Several methods for modeling the transient flow in turbomachinery stages which require a minimal number of blade passages per row, and therefore reduced computational demands, have been presented in the literature. Recently, some of these methods have become available in commercial CFD solvers. This paper provides a brief description of the methods used, and how they are applied to a transonic compressor stage. The methods are evaluated and compared in terms of computational efficiency and storage requirements, and comparison is made to steady stage simulations. Comparisons to overall performance data and two-dimensional LDV measurements are used to assess the predictive capabilities of the methods. Computed flow features are examined, and compared with reported measurements.
Investigation of Transient CFD Methods Applied to a Transonic Compressor Stage
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Blumenthal, R, Hutchinson, B, & Zori, L. "Investigation of Transient CFD Methods Applied to a Transonic Compressor Stage." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. June 6–10, 2011. pp. 1423-1430. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2011-46635
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