Simulation of the Heading Process

[+] Author and Article Information
G. W. Vickers

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, Ontario, Canada

A. Plumtree

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

R. Sowerby, J. L. Duncan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 97(2), 126-135 (Apr 01, 1975) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3443272 History: Received April 15, 1974; Online August 17, 2010


Plasticine, Commercially Pure Lead and 6061T6 Aluminum have been used as model materials to simulate some of the forming processes that can arise during a first blow axisymmetric heading operation namely; upsetting, forming into a die cavity and the free flow operation. The deformation characteristics have been studied in each of these operations and some gross internal flow patterns have been determined using multilayer plasticine workpieces. The influence of both the operation and the workpiece geometry on the heading forces was also investigated. Some simple analytical models based mainly on the Load Bounding Techniques have been employed to predict the heading forces. Reasonable agreement was observed between the theoretical and experimental results.

Copyright © 1975 by ASME
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