Fatigue of Small Helical Extension Springs Subjected to Static Torsion and Alternating Lateral Deflection

[+] Author and Article Information
J. V. Gluck

Research Laboratory, Tecumseh Products Co., Ann Arbor, Mich. 48104

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 104(3), 180-185 (Jul 01, 1982) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3225062 History: Received December 16, 1981; Online September 15, 2009


Multiaxial fatigue studies of peened helical extension springs made of music wire were performed in a specially designed testing machine. The test regime imposed static torsion and alternating laterial deflection, with the spring ends held parallel. The maximum stresses, which were primarily due to bending, occurred in the first turn out of the specimen grip at an end of the coil axis normal to the direction of lateral motion. The stresses in the middle turn ranged between 88-94 percent of those in the ends turns. The practical fatigue limit was about 100,000-300,000 cycles, with the principal tensile stress averaging 50 percent of initial wire tensile strength and maximum shear stress averaging 28 percent of initial wire tensile strength. For static stresses up to 32 percent of tensile strength, the alternating stress at the fatigue limit was essentially invariant, as predicted by Sines’ criterion for multiaxial fatigue.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In