Delamination Effects on Composite Shells

[+] Author and Article Information
Fu-Kuo Chang, Zafer Kutlu

Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 112(3), 336-340 (Jul 01, 1990) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2903334 History: Received July 01, 1989; Revised August 01, 1989; Online April 29, 2008


An analytical investigation was performed to study the effect of delamination on the response of cylindrical composite shells subjected to external loadings. It was of particular interest to determine the buckling load and the post-buckling behavior of externally pressurized cylindrical composite shells containing delaminations. An analytical model was developed that consists of a structural analysis for calculating the global deformations of the structures and a fracture analysis for determining the delamination growth in the structures. A nonlinear finite element code based on the updated Lagrangian formulation was developed for the model. Based on the results of calculations, it was found that delamination can significantly affect the buckling load and response of cylindrical composite shells subjected to externally pressurized loadings, depending upon the initial length and location of the delamination, ply orientation and laminate curvature. The calculated strain energy release rate at the crack tips indicates that delamination growth occurs in the wake of buckling due to Mode II shear fracture.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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