The Effect of Proof Loading on the Fatigue Behavior of Open Link Chain

[+] Author and Article Information
S. M. Tipton

Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK

G. J. Shoup

Amoco Research Center, Tulsa, OK

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 114(1), 27-33 (Jan 01, 1992) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2904136 History: Received January 22, 1991; Revised May 25, 1991; Online April 29, 2008


Open link lifting chain is routinely proof loaded during manufacture. However, the effect of residual stresses imposed by this operation on the fatigue strength of the chain has not been quantitatively investigated. This paper discusses the results of constant amplitude fatigue tests on open link chain segments which have received proof loading at various levels. The chain was initially heat treated to relieve manufacturing residual stresses and then proof loaded at levels ranging from 0 to 82 percent of its break strength. Tests were performed at two different mean loads and four different load amplitudes. Failure site trends are noted as a function of applied loading and are correlated with results of a finite element stress analysis. Residual stresses are estimated using strains measured from strain gages placed at critical locations on individual links during the proof load operation. Residual stress estimates are used with standard fatigue damage parameters to estimate the fatigue life of the chain and predictions are compared to data. Proof loading was shown to substantially increase the fatigue life of the chain. Residual stresses can explain the increase in fatigue life. Neuber’s rule demonstrated the ability to model the data trends.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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