How Affine is the Entanglement Network of Molten Low-Density Polyethylene in Large Amplitude Oscillatory Shear?

[+] Author and Article Information
A. J. Giacomin, R. S. Jeyaseelan

Rheology Research Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3123

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 116(1), 14-18 (Jan 01, 1994) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2904249 History: Received December 18, 1992; Online April 29, 2008


The nonlinear viscoelastic behavior of molten plastics is often attributed to interactions between long-chain molecules. Entanglement theories model this behavior with a network of junctions. Whether this network deforms differently than the liquid is a question of considerable interest to polymer engineers since nonlinear viscoelasticity governs many plastics processing operations. In this paper, large amplitude oscillatory shear flow is used to measure how affine the network deformation is relative to the deforming melt. For a low-density polyethylene melt, a small amount of nonaffine network deformation is observed when the large amplitude oscillations are analyzed with a nonaffine structural network theory. Inaccurate predictions were obtained from both the nonaffine network theory due to Phan-Thien, and the nonaffine network strand theory due to Larson.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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