The Effect of Stress-State on the Large Strain Inelastic Deformation Behavior of 304L Stainless Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
M. P. Miller

Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853

D. L. McDowell

George Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA, 30332-0405

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 118(1), 28-36 (Jan 01, 1996) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2805930 History: Received December 22, 1993; Revised November 28, 1994; Online November 27, 2007


In metals, large strain inelastic deformation processes such as the formation of a preferred crystallographic orientation (crystallographic texture) and strain hardening processes such as the formation and evolution of dislocation substructures depend on stress-state. Much of the current large strain research has focused on texture. Crystallographic texture development and strainhardening processes each contribute to the overall material behavior, and a complete description of large strain inelastic material response should reflect both. An investigation of the large strain behavior of 304L stainless steel (SS 304L) subjected to compression, torsion, and sequences of compression followed by torsion and torsion followed by tension is reported. This paper focuses on the stress-state dependence of strain-hardening processes as well as the relative effect such processes have on the overall material behavior. To characterize these processes, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) as well as magnetization investigations were conducted at different strain levels and under different deformation modes. The γ → α′ martensitic transformation which occurs in this material was found to be related to both the strain level and stress state. Dislocation substructures in the form of Taylor lattices, dense dislocation walls, and microbands were also present. The ramifications of using a thin-walled tubular torsion specimen were also explored.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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