Stability of Dislocation Short-Range Reactions in BCC Crystals

[+] Author and Article Information
Hanchen Huang, Tomas Diaz de la Rubia

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550

Nasr Ghoniem

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90024

Moono Rhee, Hussein Zbib, John Hirth

School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 121(2), 143-150 (Apr 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2812359 History: Received August 06, 1998; Revised November 18, 1998; Online November 27, 2007


The stability of short-range reactions between two dislocations of parallel line vectors which glide on two parallel slip planes in BCC crystals is determined. The two dislocations are assumed to be infinitely long, and their interaction is treated as elastic. The interaction and self-energies are both computed for dynamically moving dislocations, where the dependence on dislocation velocity is taken into account. The stability of the reaction is determined as a function of the following phase space variables: relative angle, relative speed, dislocation mobility, Burgers vector, separation of slip planes, and external force. Our results indicate that the dynamic formation of dislocation dipoles or tilt wall embryos occurs only over a small range of the investigated phase space. Internal effects are shown to be important at close separation, because of the large force between the two dislocations comprising the dipole or tilt wall embryo. We find that destabilization of the dislocation dipoles or tilt wall embryos is enhanced by externally applied stresses or by stress fields of neighboring dislocations.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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