Measurement of the Axial Residual Stresses Using the Initial Strain Approach

[+] Author and Article Information
Weili Cheng

Berkeley Engineering and Research, Inc., 896 Seville Place, Fremont, CA 94539 e-mail: weilicheng@home.com

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 122(1), 135-140 (Jul 16, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.482777 History: Received April 24, 1998; Revised July 16, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Cheng,  W., and Finnie,  I., 1998, “The Single-Slice Method for Measurement of Axisymmetric Residual Stresses in Solid Rods or Hollow Cylinders in the Region of Plane Strain,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 120, pp. 170–176.
Fung, Y. C., 1965, Foundations of Solid Mechanics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Timoshenko, S. P., and Goodier, J. N., 1970, Theory of Elasticity, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Ueda,  Y., Fukuda,  K., and Kim,  Y. C., 1986, “New Measuring Method of Axisymmetric Three-Dimensional Residual Stresses Using Inherent Strains as Parameters,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 108, pp. 328–334.
Ueda,  Y., and Fukuda,  K., 1989, “New Measuring Method of Three-Dimensional Residual Stresses in Long Welded Joints Using Inherent Strains as Parameters—Lz Method,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 111, pp. 1–8.
Ueda,  Y., Murakawa,  H., and Ma,  N. X., 1996, “Measuring Method for Residual Stresses in Explosively Clad Plates and a Method of Residual Stress Reduction,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 118, pp. 576–582.
Cheng, W., and Finnie, I., 1994, “An Overview of the Crack Compliance Method for Residual Stress Measurement,” SEM, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Residual Stresses, pp. 449–458.
Prime,  M. B., 1999, “Residual Stress Measurement by Successive Extension of a Slot: The Crack Compliance Method,” Appl. Mech. Rev., 52, pp. 75–96.
Johnson, D., and Johnson, J., 1982, Mathematical Methods in Engineering and Physics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Prime, M. B., 1991, “Experimental Verification of the Crack Compliance Method,” M.S. project report, University of California, Berkeley.
Mayville,  R., and Finnie,  I., 1982, “Uniaxial Stress-Strain Curves from a Bending Test,” Exp. Mech., 22, pp. 197.
Finnie, I., and Cheng, W., 1996, “Residual Stress Measurement by the Introduction of Slots or Cracks,” Localized Damage IV, Nisitani et al., eds. Computation Mechanics Publications, pp. 37–51.


Grahic Jump Location
Illustrations of (A) a beam and a rod and (B) a long butt weld between two plates with residual axial stresses distributed uniformly along the length except near the ends
Grahic Jump Location
Linear superposition used for crack compliance method based on an approximation of the stress
Grahic Jump Location
A beam subjected to four-points bending to produce a uniform axial stress distribution in the midsection between the two inner support pins
Grahic Jump Location
Schematics of (A) crack compliance method for a beam subjected to initial strains with and without a cut of increasing depth; (B) after undergoing cutting or material removal the same beam is used to measure the initial strains by introducing a cut of increasing depth
Grahic Jump Location
Schematics of (A) a long cylinder with an axisymmetric residual stress is separated at the midsection z=0; (B) a slice cut out along plane z=0 while hoop and/or radial strains are recorded on plane z=0; (C) linear superposition for the initial strain approach
Grahic Jump Location
Two different residual stresses (data lines) produced by four-points bending used for validation of the crack compliance method. Dotted line—estimated using the compliance functions computed by FEM.
Grahic Jump Location
Configuration of the test for measurement of the initial strains in a section of the beam using the crack compliance method
Grahic Jump Location
Residual stress distributions measured on the plane of cut (dashed line) and in the original beam (solid line) compared with that predicted from the bending test
Grahic Jump Location
Results of convergence study using Legendre polynomials series of orders 15–19 to approximate the initial strain field in a beam due to bending beyond elastic limit



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In