Creep Rupture Due to Material Damage by Cavitation

[+] Author and Article Information
A. R. Ragab

Department of Mechanical Design and Production, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypte-mail: CAPSCU@GEGA.NET

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 124(2), 199-205 (Mar 26, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1446076 History: Received June 02, 2000; Revised August 27, 2001; Online March 26, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Creep , Rupture , Stress
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Hoff,  N. J., 1953, “Necking and Rupture of Rods under Tensile Loads,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 20, p. 105.
Kachanov,  L. M., 1958, “Time of the Fracture Process under Creep Conditions,” (in Russian) Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, No. 8, p. 28.
Hancock,  J. W., 1976, “Creep Cavitation without a Vacancy Flux,” Metal Science, , 10, p. 319.
Beere,  W., and Speight,  M. V., 1978, “Creep Cavitation by Vacancy Diffusion in Plastically Deforming Solid,” Metal Science, , 4, p. 172.
Boyle, J. T., and Spence, J., 1983, Stress Analysis for Creep, Butterworths.
Needleman,  A., and Rice,  J. R., 1980, “Plastic Creep Flow Effects in the Diffuse Cavitation of Grain Boundaries,” Acta Metall., 28, p. 1315.
Cocks,  A. C. F., and Ashby,  M. F., 1982, “Creep Fracture by Coupled Power-Law Creep and Diffusion Under Multiaxial Stress,” Metal Science, , 16, p. 465.
Tvergaard,  V., 1982, “On Localization in Ductile Materials Containing Spherical Voids,” Int. J. Fract., 18, p. 237.
Ragab,  A. R., and Saleh,  Ch. A. R., 1999, “Evaluation of Constitutive Models for Voided Solids,” Int. J. Plast., 15, p. 1041.
Bridgman, P. W., 1952, Studies in Large Plastic Flow and Fracture, McGraw-Hill, N.Y.
Tegart, W. J. M., 1966, Elements of Mechanical Metallurgy, Macmillan, N.Y.
Ragab,  A. R., 2000, “Prediction of Ductile Fracture in Axisymmetric Tension by Void Coalescence,” Int. J. Fract., 105, p. 391.
Needleman,  A., 1972, “A Numerical Study of Necking in Circular Cylindrical Bars,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 20, p. 111.
Norris,  D. M., Moran,  B., Scudder,  J. K., and Quinonse,  D. F., 1978, “A Computer Simulation of the Tension Test,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 26, p. 1.
Ragab,  A. R., and Saleh,  Ch. A. R., 1999, “Effect of Void Growth on Predicting Forming Limit Strains for Planar Isotropic Sheet Metals,” Mech. Mater., 32, p. 71.
Odqvist, F. K. G., 1966, Mathematical Theory of Creep and Creep Rupture, Oxford-Clarendon Press.
Wiggin Alloys Ltd, The Nimonic Alloys-Design Data.
Townley, C. H. A., et al., 1991, “High Temperature Design Data for Ferritic Pressure Vessel Steels,” Creep of Steels Working Party (CSWP), Inst. Mech. Engrs., J. Mech. Enging., London.
McClintock,  F. A., 1968, “A Criterion for Ductile Enlargement of Voids in Triaxial Stress Fields,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 4, p. 363.
Melander,  A., 1983, “A New Model of The Forming Limit Diagram Applied to Experiments on Four Copper-Brass Alloys,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 58, p. 63.
Thomson,  R. D., and Hancock,  J. W., 1984, “Ductile failure by Void Nucleation, Growth and Coalescence,” Int. J. Fract., 26, p. 99.
Parmar,  A., and Mellor,  P. B., 1980, “Growth of Voids in Biaxial Stress Fields,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 22, p. 133.
Bampton,  C. C., and Raj,  R., 1982, “Influence of Hydrostatic Pressure and multiaxial Straining on Cavitation in Superplastic Aluminum Alloys,” Acta Metall., 30, p. 2035.
Juvinall, R. C., 1967, Stress, Strain and Strength, McGraw-Hill, N.Y. p. 416.
Howard, E. B., ed., 1997, “Atlas of Creep and Stress-Rupture Curves,” ASM. Ant, Metals Park, Ohio.
Forest, C., Monkman, F. C., and Grant, N. J., 1956, “An Empirical Relationship Between Rupture Life and Minimum Creep Rate in Creep-Rupture Tests,” Proc. ASTM, Vol. 56, p. 593–620.
Dobes,  F., and Milicka,  K., 1976, “The Relation Between Minimum Creep Rate and Time to Fracture,” Met. Sci. , 10, p. 382.
Richards,  E. G., 1968, “Influence of Specimen Size and Grain Size on the Creep- Rupture Strength of Some Nickle-Base High Temperature Alloys,” J. Inst. Met., 98, p. 365.
Goldhoff,  R. M., and Gill,  R. F., 1972, “A Method for Predicting Creep Data for Commercial Alloys on a Correlation Between Creep Strength and Rupture Strength,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 94, p. 1.
Moon, D. P., Simon, R. C., and Favor, R. J., 1968, “The Elevated-Temperature Properties of Selected Superalloys,” ASTM, p. 335.
Simmons, W. F., and Cross, H. C., 1955, “Elevated-Temperature Properties of Carbon Steels,” ASTM Special Technical Publication, No. 180, p. 5.
Hashem,  A. M., 1997, “Influence of the Heat Treatment on Creep Behavior of Nickel Aluminide with Boron,” Adv. Perform. Mater, 4, p. 9.
Data sheet from International Nickle Co., Inc., Development and Research Dept., 76 Wall St., N.Y. 10005, Undated. (See Goldhoff and Gill; 1972 29).


Grahic Jump Location
Domains of diffusion creep and power-law creep according to Cocks and Ashby 7 for four metals in uniaxial creep
Grahic Jump Location
Rate of void growth according the present work (for different q’s) compared with that of Cocks and Ashby (for different N’s) 7; (σi0)=1
Grahic Jump Location
Dependence of the accumulated strain at rupture εR on the parameter q at different initial void fractions Cvi
Grahic Jump Location
The variation of Kachanov’s damage parameter 2 (as derived in the present work, Eq. (5c)) over creep time for different values of q
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of experimental data of stainless steel 18-8 with predictions of creep rupture time for different Cvi. Also, the effect of variable q on creep rupture time predictions taking Cvi=0.0001 for stainless steel 316.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of experimental data with predictions of creep rupture time at different temperatures. Dotted lines indicate stress-time map for chromium steel at prescribed strain values.
Grahic Jump Location
Correlation of experimental and calculated creep rupture time for a variety of alloys under uniaxial conditions. Data from Refs. 30313233 included in figure.
Grahic Jump Location
Correlation of experimental and calculated creep rupture times and strains for four metals under necking conditions
Grahic Jump Location
Evaluation of several creep rupture relations against the present work
Grahic Jump Location
Correlation of creep-rupture strength and creep strength for 1 percent creep strain



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In