Fatigue of As-Fabricated Open Cell Aluminum Foams

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Zhou, W. O. Soboyejo

Princeton Materials Institute and The Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Olden Street, Princeton, NJ 08540

Z. Gao, A. M. Cuitino

The Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers University Piscataway, NJ 08854

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 127(1), 40-45 (Feb 22, 2005) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1836770 History: Received January 01, 2003; Revised September 14, 2004; Online February 22, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Ashby, M. F., Evans, A. G., Fleck, N. A., Gibson, L. J., Hutchinson, J. W. and Wadley, H. N. G., 2000, Metal Foams-A Design Guide, Butterworth-Heinemann, London.
Gibson, L. J., and Ashby, M. F., 1997, Cellular Solids: Structure and Properties, end ed., Combridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Gibson,  L. J., 2001, “Mechanical Behavior of Metallic Foams,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci., 30, pp. 191–227.
Banhart,  John, 2001, “Manufacture, Characterization and Application of Cellular Metals and Metal Foams,” Prog. Mater. Sci., 46, pp. 559–632.
Sugimura,  Y., Rabiei,  A., Evans,  A. G., Harte,  A. M., and Fleck,  N. A., 1999, “Compression Fatigue of a Cellular Aluminum Alloy,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A, 269, pp. 38–48.
Banhart,  J., and Brinkers,  W., 1999, “Fatigue Behavior of Aluminum Foams,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 18, pp. 617–619.
McCullogh,  K. Y. G., Fleck,  N. A., and Ashby,  M. F., 2000, “The Stress-Life Fatigue Behavior of Aluminum Alloy Foams,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct., 23, pp. 199–208.
Zettl,  B., Mayer,  H., Stanzl-Tschegg,  S. E., and Degischer,  H. P., 2000, “Fatigue Properties of Aluminum Foams at High Numbers of Cycles,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A, 292, pp. 1–7.
Lehmhus,  D., Marschner,  C., and Banhart,  J., 2002, “Influence of Heat Treatment on Compression Fatigue of Aluminum Foams,” J. Mater. Sci., 37, pp. 3447–3451.
Harte,  A-M., Fleck,  N. A., and Ashby,  M. F., 1999, “Fatigue Failure of an Open Cell and a Closed Cell Aluminum Alloy Foam,” Acta Mater., 47, pp. 2511–2524.
Zhou, J., Shrotriya, P., and Soboyejo, W. O., 2003, “Mechanisms and Mechanics of Compressive Deformation in Open-Celled Al Foams,” Mech. Mater., in press.


Grahic Jump Location
The as-fabricated foams were sandwiched using top and bottom aluminum face sheets
Grahic Jump Location
Cumulative strain curves: (a) strain curves on half-log scale, (b) strain curves on linear scale, and (c) a half-log scale strain curve of a specimen tested at a load ratio of 0.90. Numbers in (a) and (b) indicate the stress ratios at which the corresponding specimens were tested.
Grahic Jump Location
S-N curve behavior of the as-fabricated open cell aluminum foams
Grahic Jump Location
Two-dimensional strain fields to show the strain evolution and distribution of the localized deformation in the overall specimen in fatigue
Grahic Jump Location
Histograms to show the strain evolution and distribution of the localized deformation in the overall specimen. The curves correspond to the two-dimensional strain field images labeled with the same letter
Grahic Jump Location
A surface crack in a strut of a foam that was subjected to cyclic loading, but before the occurrence of the abrupt strain jump. The foam specimen was tested at a stress ratio of 0.80 and stopped after 1.5×106 cycles.
Grahic Jump Location
Surface cracks and deformation of struts within the seriously deformed shear band in a foam specimen that was tested and stopped after the occurrence of the abrupt strain jump: (a) a broken strut after a surface crack crosses through the strut, (b) an ongoing surface crack, and (c) plastic deformation induced by the ongoing surface crack. The foam specimen was tested at a stress ratio of 0.80 and stopped after the abrupt strain jump.
Grahic Jump Location
Mixed striation and transgranular fatigue fracture modes: (a) a fatigue crack was initiated from corner A, and propagated towards corners B and C; (b), (c), and (d) display the details of the three corners A, B, and C, respectively, at higher magnifications; and (e) striations in the selected rectangular region in (d).



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In