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Research Papers

The Effect of Temperature on Puncture Resistance of Glass Cloth Reinforced Polyester Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
Saad R. Ahmed

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Missouri,
Columbia, SC 65201;
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Tikrit,
Iraq
e-mail: srazp9@mail.missouri.edu

Sanjeev Khanna

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Missouri,
Columbia, SC 65201
e-mail: khannas@missouri.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Materials Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. Manuscript received May 23, 2018; final manuscript received January 29, 2019; published online March 11, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Pradeep Sharma.

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 141(3), 031006 (Mar 11, 2019) (7 pages) Paper No: MATS-18-1145; doi: 10.1115/1.4042745 History: Received May 23, 2018; Accepted January 31, 2019

Reinforced polyester composites are widely used in many applications where puncture resistance is important. This research is aimed at understanding whether exposure to different temperatures, high and very low, affects the puncture resistance of a glass cloth reinforced polyester composite and the unreinforced polyester matrix. The temperature range investigated was +80 °C to −80 °C. A hemispherical drop-weight impactor was used for the puncture tests in an environmentally controlled chamber. The reinforced composite specimens are more puncture-resistant compared with the unreinforced polyester at all temperatures. The damage created by the impact reduces with decreasing temperatures, while the energy absorbed remains constant with temperature.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the puncture test assembly

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Fig. 2

Experimental setup for drop-weight testing

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Fig. 3

Load–time traces of puncture event in the unreinforced polyester material

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Fig. 4

Load–time traces of puncture event in the reinforced polyester material

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Fig. 5

Damage stages in the punctured specimens

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Fig. 6

Load–deflection traces of puncture event in the reinforced polyester material

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Fig. 7

Load–deflection traces of puncture event in the unreinforced polyester material

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Fig. 8

Absorbed energy as a function of time during a drop-weight puncture test of the reinforced polyester composite

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Fig. 9

Absorbed energy as a function of time during a drop-weight puncture test of the unreinforced polyester

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Fig. 10

Velocity as a function of time during a drop-weight puncture test of the reinforced polyester composite

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Fig. 11

Damage and fragmentation characteristics under dynamic loading for unreinforced specimens

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Fig. 12

Damage characteristics under dynamic loading for reinforced composite specimens

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Fig. 13

Damage characteristics under dynamic loading for reinforced composite specimens on the rear side with respect to the impacted side

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