Research Papers

Evaluation of High Strain Rate Characteristics of Metallic Sandwich Specimens

[+] Author and Article Information
Danish Iqbal

Department of Applied Mechanics,
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi,
New Delhi 110016, India
e-mail: amz128262@iitd.ac.in

Vikrant Tiwari

Department of Applied Mechanics,
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi,
New Delhi 110016, India
e-mail: tiwariv@am.iitd.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Materials Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. Manuscript received July 18, 2018; final manuscript received February 6, 2019; published online March 11, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Hareesh Tippur.

J. Eng. Mater. Technol 141(3), 031003 (Mar 11, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: MATS-18-1211; doi: 10.1115/1.4042864 History: Received July 18, 2018; Accepted February 06, 2019

An attempt is made to investigate the dynamic compressive response of multilayered specimens in bilayered and trilayered configurations, using a split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) and finite element analysis. Two constituent metals comprising the multilayered configurations were Al 6063-T6 and IS 1570. Multiple stack sequences of trilayered and bilayered configurations were evaluated at three different sets of strain rates, namely, 500, 800, and 1000 s−1. The experiments revealed that even with the same constituent volume fraction, a change in the stacking sequence alters the overall dynamic constitutive response. This change becomes more evident, especially in the plastic zone. The finite element analysis was performed using abaqus/explicit. A three-dimensional (3D) model of the SHPB apparatus used in the experiments was generated and meshed using the hexahedral brick elements. Dissimilar material interfaces were assigned different dynamic coefficients of friction. The fundamental elastic one-dimensional (1D) wave theory was then utilized to evaluate the stress–strain response from the nodal strain histories of the bars. Predictions from the finite element simulations along with the experimental results are also presented in this study. For most cases, finite element predictions match well with the experiments.

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the split Hopkinson pressure bar apparatus used in the present study

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Fig. 2

A typical voltage signal obtained in the SHPB experiment with pulse shaper

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Fig. 3

(a) Voltage signals obtained without pulse shaper, (b) corresponding forces at specimen ends and force ratio, (c) voltage signals obtained using a composite pulse shaper, and (d) corresponding forces at specimen ends and force ratio

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Fig. 4

Comparison of forces at the specimen interfaces, incident bar end (IB end), and transmission bar end (TB end) for four stacking sequences

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Fig. 5

Surface roughness profile measured from disc centre of a typical (a) undeformed and (bd) deformed aluminum specimen at strain rates of 500 s−1, 800 s−1, and 1000 s−1, respectively

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Fig. 6

Schematic representation of an increase in surface roughness with an increase in the applied strain rate

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Fig. 7

(a) Meshed model of the heterostacked specimen, (b) meshed model of the sandwiched specimen between the bars, and (c) comparison of incident, reflected, and transmitted strain pulses obtained from the experiment and FE simulation

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Fig. 8

True stress versus true strain behavior of family A (ac) and family S (df) specimens under different strain rates

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Fig. 9

(a, b) True stress versus strain curves of double layered St–Al and Al–St configurations at three different strain rates of 500, 800, and 1000 s−1

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Fig. 10

(a)–(f) Comparison of the experimental and FE simulation curves obtained for different stacking configurations at an approximate strain rate of 500 s−1

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Fig. 11

Evolution of axial strain and von Mises stress in the (a, c) Al–St–Al and (b, d) St–Al–St configurations, respectively, at the 500 s−1 strain rate

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Fig. 12

Stress–time history for Al–St–Al and St–Al–St configurations (500 s−1)



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