The composition of the time-resolved surface pressure field around a high-pressure rotor blade caused by the presence of neighboring blade rows is investigated, with the individual effects of wake, shock and potential field interaction being determined. Two test geometries are considered: first, a high-pressure turbine stage coupled with a swan-necked diffuser exit duct; secondly, the same high-pressure stage but with a vane located in the downstream duct. Both tests were conducted at engine-representative Mach and Reynolds numbers, and experimental data was acquired using fast-response pressure transducers mounted on the mid-height streamline of the HP rotor blades. The results are compared to time-resolved computational predictions of the flowfield in order to aid interpretation of experimental results and to determine the accuracy with which the computation predicts blade interaction. The paper is split into two parts: the first investigating the effect of the upstream vane on the unsteady pressure field around the rotor (vane-rotor interaction), and the second investigating the effect of the downstream vane on the unsteady pressure field around the rotor (rotor-vane interaction). The paper shows that at typical design operating conditions shock interaction from the upstream blade row is an order of magnitude greater than wake interaction and that with the design vane-rotor inter-blade gap the presence of the rotor causes a periodic increase in the strength of the vane trailing edge shock. The presence of the potential field of the downstream vane is found to affect significantly the rotor pressure field downstream of the Mach one surface within each rotor passage.
Wake, Shock, and Potential Field Interactions in a 1.5 Stage Turbine—Part I: Vane-Rotor and Rotor-Vane Interaction
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002. Manuscript received by the IGTI, January 31, 2002. Paper No. 2002-GT-30435. Review Chair: E. Benvenuti.
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Miller, R. J., Moss, R. W., Ainsworth, R. W., and Harvey, N. W. (January 23, 2003). "Wake, Shock, and Potential Field Interactions in a 1.5 Stage Turbine—Part I: Vane-Rotor and Rotor-Vane Interaction ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2003; 125(1): 33–39. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1508386
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